Conference Committee

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think conference committee means?

  2. Use conference committee in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of conference committee in current events:

  4. Find an image of conference committee:

Fun Fact

Definition

Conference Committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of House and Senate conferees which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.

Sentence

When the Senate and the House pass different versions of a bill, Congress must convene a conference committee to reconcile the differences.

Example

Conservatives Get Their Shot to Change the Republican Health-Care Bill

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  AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

Questions

  1. When does the Congress call a conference committee?

  2. What happens after the conference committee reaches agreement on a bill?

  3. How often does Congress end up with conference committees?

Docket

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think docket means?

  2. Use docket in a sentence that will Make America Great Again.

  3. Think of an example of docket in current events:

  4. Find an image of docket:

  5. List one word that rhymes with docket:

Fun Fact

Definition

Docket: The list of potential cases that reach the Supreme Court. You can search the SCOTUS docket right here right now.

Sentence

The Supreme Court docket has been much smaller under the conservative Roberts Court than it was under the activist Warren Court.

Example

Legal scholarship highlight: An empirical analysis of the Court’s shrinking docket

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Rhyme Thyme

Pocket, Locket, Lock it, Unlock it, Roquette, Socket, Rocket, Rockette, Sock it, Hock it, Mock it, Knock it, Wockit!

Questions

  1. Who determines what gets on the SCOTUS docket?

  2. About how many cases are on the SCOTUS docket to be heard each year?

  3. Which is the worst rhyming word with docket?

  4. Why would liberal/activists tend to want to hear more cases than conservative justices?

Office of Management and Budget

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Office of Management and Budget (OMB) means?

  2. Use Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in a good old fashioned all-American sentence.

  3. Think of an example of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in current events:

  4. Find an image of Office of Management and Budget (OMB):

Fun Fact

Definition

The Office of Management and Budget: is a presidential staff agency that serves as a clearing-house for budgetary requests and management improvements for government agencies.  Mick Mulvaney is the current director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The OMB is par tof the Executive Office of the President.

The Office of Management and Budget should not to be confused with the Office of Banishment and Muggles, nor should OMB be confused with OMD, Orchestral Maneuvers in the Dark, an 80s band that the mere mention of will make your teacher blush.

Sentence

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) serves the President of the United States in overseeing the implementation of his vision across the Executive Branch.

Example

White House wants to strip existing infrastructure funds to divert them to its own infrastructure plan

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Question

  1. What is the primary job of the OMB?

  2. Who appoints the head of the OMB?

  3. Is there any agency in the US that has a more important job while at the same time, being less well known?

Articles of Confederation

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Articles of Confederation means?

  2. Use Articles of Confederation in a sentence that you wouldn't be embarrassed for the FBI to investigate.

  3. Think of an example of Articles of Confederation in current events:

  4. Find an image of Articles of Confederation:

Fun Fact

Definition

Articles of Confederation: The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments. The need for a stronger Federal government soon became apparent and eventually led to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The present United States Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation on March 4, 1789.

Sentence

The Articles of Confederation were great as long as America didn't actually have to do anything.

Example

Republicans and the Constitution

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Questions

  1. How united were the states under the Articles of Confederation?

  2. What were two flaws in the Articles of Confederation?

  3. Why don't we still have the Articles of Confederation as the US Constitution?

  4. Would we be better off if the USA were bound less tightly, the states had most of the power, and the federal government had little power?

Libertarianism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think libertarianism means?

  2. Use libertarianism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of libertarianism in current events:

  4. Find an image of libertarianism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Libertarianism: an ideology that cherishes individual liberty and insists on minimal government, promoting a free market economy, a non-interventionist foreign policy, and an absence of regulation in moral, economic, and social life. An extreme laissez-faire political philosophy advocating only minimal state intervention in the lives of citizens. Or, as American Libertarians say in their party platform preamble, "we seek a world of liberty; a world in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives and no one is forced to sacrifice his or her values for the benefit of others." You can take this nifty short Libertarian Quiz, but remember, the Libertarians made the quiz so it will push you in a certain direction, and they will decide how you score. Still, worth taking!

Sentence

Since Ricky Bobby was a Libertarian he supported the right of gay couples to smoke marijuana while they bought guns.

Example

The End of the Libertarian Dream?

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Take this with a grain of salt.

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

Ha!

AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What is one thing a libertarian would strongly believe in?

  2. In what ways is Donald J. Trump a Libertarian and in what ways is he not?

  3. Can you list one well known Libertarian?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to Libertarianism?

  5. If you were a Libertarian and had to choose between a generic Democrat and a Republican presidential candidate. Which would you most likely chose and why?

  6. Why do Libertarians generally favor legalization of many drugs?

Survey
Survey
I am a Libertarian.
Option One

Liberalism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think liberalism means?

  2. Use liberalism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of liberalism in current events:

  4. Find an image of liberalism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Liberalism: an ideology that government can and should achieve justice and equality of opportunity. the belief in the value of social and political change in order to achieve progress.

Sentence

One reason that many traditionally disempowered   groups favor liberalism is its emphasis on change.

Example

Liberalism Needs the “Alt-Left”

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  AP U.S. Government and Politics   

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

  AP U.S. Government and Politics   

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

Questions

  1. What is one thing a liberal would strongly believe in?

  2. Liberalism is only a few letters off from libertarianism. What is the main way it is different?

  3. Can you list one well known liberal?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to liberalism? What is the biggest difference between liberalism and conservatism?

Conservativism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think conservatism means?

  2. Use conservatism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of conservatism in current events:

  4. Find an image of conservatism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Conservatism: an ideology that limited government ensures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity. A commitment to traditional values and ideas with opposition to change or innovation. And the holding of political views that favor free enterprise, private ownership, and socially conservative ideas.

Sentence

Ever since Junior could remember, Pee-Paw had been a strong conservative with traditional American family values. Pee-Paw ha festooned his home with Conservative sayings. His living room was home to the Thomas Jefferson quote, "That government is best which governs least, because its people discipline themselves." The Reagan quote, "government is not the solution to our problem. Government is our problem." And the Guns N' Roses quote, "Welcome to the Jungle!" Junior, being liberal in his thinking, never did like to visit his Pee-Paw very much.

Example

The Health-Care Debacle Was a Failure of Conservatism

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  AP U.S. Government and Politics   

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

  AP U.S. Government and Politics   

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

Questions

  1. What is one thing a conservative would strongly believe in?

  2. In what ways is Donald J. Trump a conservative and in what ways is he not?

  3. Can you list one well known conservative?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to conservatism?

Extradition

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think extradition means?

  2. Use extradition in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of extradition in current events:

  4. Find an image of extradition:

Fun Fact

Definition

Extradition: A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to officials of the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.

Sentence

While imprisoned in Mexico, El Chapo Guzmán was indicted in San Diego on drug-trafficking and money-laundering charges. Apparently fearing extradition, he bribed guards to help him escape in 2001 by hiding in a laundry cart that was rolled out of the prison.

Example

Death on a Prison Bus: Extradition Companies’ Safety Improvements Lag

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  AP U.S. Government and Politics   

AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

Questions

  1. What does extradition have to do with federalism?

  2. If you get extradited twice is that an extraextradition?

  3. What is one US agency that is involved in extradition?

  4. What would happen if extradition was not legal?

Precedent

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think precedent means? Pro tip, I'm not talking about when a southerner says, "president."

  2. Use precedent in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of precedent in current events:

  4. Find an image of precedent:

Fun Fact

Definition

Precedent: A decision made by a higher court such as a circuit court of appeals or the Supreme Court that is binding in all other federal courts. A legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases. any act, decision, or case that serves as a guide or justification for subsequent situations. 

Sentence

The ruling in Brown v. Board set the precedent that legally, schools could no longer be segregated.

Example

The Garland Precedent Should Not Stop Gorsuch

 

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AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

 

Questions

  1. What is a famous precedent set by the Supreme Court?

  2. Can the US Supreme Court overturn a precedent?

  3. What is an example of the Supreme Court overturning precedent?

  4. If the Supreme Court sets a precedent involving a president, what do you call that?

Congressional Budget Office

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Congressional Budget Office (CBO) means?

  2. Use Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in a sentence that would impress any first-date.

  3. Think of an example of Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in current events:

  4. Find an image of Congressional Budget Office (CBO): They have a really cool logo!

Fun Fact

Definition

Congressional Budget Office (CBO): A nonpartisan agency of Congress that analyzes presidential budget recommendations and estimates the costs of proposed legislation. CBO provides Congress with analyses for economic and budget decisions and with estimates required for the Congressional budget process.

Sentence

The non-partisan CBO issues a score on major pieces of legislation so that legislators can know the costs of any laws they pass.

Example

What is the CBO, and why does its ‘score’ on the Obamacare repeal matter?
 

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AP U.S. Government and Politics
 

 

Questions

  1. What does the CBO do?

  2. What do we mean when we say that the CBO is nonpartisan?

  3. What branch of government is the CBO in?

  4. What would be one consequence of eliminating the Congressional Budget Office?

  5. If the Congress decided to eliminate the CBO, would the CBO issue a score on the cost of its own elimination?

  6. Would the CBO logo make a better television station, website, or band logo?

  7. Imagine you were starting a business with the initials: CBO. What would you want CBO to stand for?

Clear & Present Danger Test

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think clear and present danger test means?

  2. Use clear and present danger test in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of clear and present danger test in current events:

  4. Find an image of clear and present danger test:

Fun Fact

Definition

Clear and Present Danger Test: An interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the government cannot interfere with speech unless the speech presents a clear and present danger that it will lead to evil or illegal acts. Writing for the Supreme Court in Schenck v United States, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes asked whether "the words create a clear and present danger that they will bring about substantive evils Congress has a right to prevent?" 

Sentence

In handing down his ruling on freedom of speech, Justice Holmes wrote that yelling "fire!" in a crowded movie theater would create a clear and present danger.

Example

Why journalists should care about two indicted anti-abortion activists

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

Stupid Han Solo Movie by the Same Name

 

Questions

  1. What Supreme Court case did the Clear and Present Danger Test come from?

  2. Can you think of a current clear and present danger analogy to yelling fire in a crowded movie theater?

  3. Do you think that speech that causes a clear and present danger should be allowed?

Filibuster

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think filibuster means?

  2. Use filibuster in a sentence that would impress any first-date.

  3. Think of an example of filibuster in current events:

  4. Find an image of filibuster.

Fun Fact

Definition

Filibuster: a strategy employed in the United States Senate, whereby a minority can delay a vote on proposed legislation by making long speeches or introducing irrelevant issues. A successful filibuster can force withdrawal of a bill. Filibusters can be ended only by cloture, which requires 60 votes. 

Sentence

The Senator filibustered the environmental bill by reading Oh The Places You'll Go, for over 8 hours.

Example

What losing the filibuster for the Supreme Court would really mean

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What does filibuster mean?

  2. What language does filibuster come from?

  3. How do you stop a filibuster?

  4. The Republican Party may be putting an end to the use of the filibuster in confirmation hearings. Do you think that's a good idea?

  5. If I told you I had a friend in college named Phil E. Buster would you believe me? Would you like to buy some beach front property in Oklahoma?

Preemption

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think preemption means? What do you think preemption doesn't actually mean, but sounds like it could mean and that if you used the word that way, most people would think you were correct?

  2. Use preemption in a sentence that won't send you to timeout.

  3. Find an example of preemption in current events:

  4. Find an image of preemption (good luck with that!):

Fun Fact

Definition

Preemption: The right of a federal law or regulation to preclude enforcement of a state or local law or regulation. Under the doctrine of preemption, which is based on the Supremacy Clause of the US Constitution, federal law preempts state law, even when the laws conflict. Thus, a federal court may require a state to stop certain behavior it believes interferes with, or is in conflict with, federal law.

Alternative-Definition

Preemption: When you see a boy talking to your shorty at her locker and you yell out, "Hey, there's a fax in the office for a big loser from his Mama!" And while he runs off to the office to get his fax you go and talk to your shorty and BOOM!

Sentence

The new federal EPA regulations are going to preempt California's more strenuous guidelines for regulating the environment.

Example

Thwarting Cities in the Trump Era

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  AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

Questions

  1. What does federalism have to do with preemption?

  2. Did you realize that the alternative definition was completely not real?

  3. When was a recent incident of preemption?

  4. What part of the Constitution allows preemption?

Speaker of the House

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Speaker of the House means?

  2. Use Speaker of the House in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of Speaker of the House in current events:

  4. Find an image of the Speaker of the House:

 
 

Definition

The presiding officer in the House of Representatives, formally elected by the House but actually selected by the majority party. The Speaker is third in line to be president of the United States and is the most powerful lawmaker on Capitol Hill. Speaker of the House is the leader of the majority party in the U.S. House of Representatives. Here's a list of all 62 of the Speakers of the House since forever.

Sentence

Because they have to power to recognize members who rise to speak, reorganize House committees, name committee chairs, and appoint allies to leadership posts, the Speaker of the House has enormous power and bragging rights at any House party.

Example

Paul Ryan Proposes Punishments for Live-Streaming From House Floor

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AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. What makes the Speaker of the House so powerful?

  2. What is the Senate's closest counterpart to Speaker of the House?

  3. Who is the current Speaker of the House?

  4. Do you have a speaker in your house, and how loud is it?

  5. Do you think Paul Ryan is the hottest Speaker of the House ever?

Federalism

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think federalism means?

  2. Use federalism in a sentence: ("Federalism is a word," doesn't count!)

  3. Think of an example of federalism in current events:

  4. Find an image of federalism:

 

 

Definition

The distribution of power in an organization (as a government) between a central authority and the constituent units (states, provinces). Here's a world map of federalism.

Sentence

Unlike America's federal government where power is shared between states and the national government, China's unitary government controls most every aspect of Chinese life from education, to taxation, to the capturing and return of underwater drones.

Example

This is Your Federalism on Drugs

Image

 AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Question(s)

  1. Why did the Framers of the Constitution choose a federal system for the US?

  2. Why do so many countries of large size (Brazil, Australia, Canada, US) use federal systems of government?

  3. Imagine the U.S. reverted from a federal system to one where the national government contained all political power. What would be the best and the worst consequences of this change?

Civil Service

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think civil service means?

  2. Use civil service in a sentence:

  3. Find an example of civil service in current events:

  4. Find an image of civil service:

 
 

Definition

Civil Service: Federal employees who work for government through a competitive, not political selection process. The permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians. U.S. state and local government entities often have competitive civil service systems that are modeled on the national system, in varying degrees. According to the Office of Personnel Management, as of December 2011, there were approximately 2.79 million civil servants employed by the U.S. government.

Sentence

In the 19th century U.S. civil service positions, through the spoils system, were filled based on party loyalty and political patronage.

Example

The Ugly History Behind Trump’s Attacks on Civil Servants

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AP US Government and Politics

Question(s)

  1. What are some examples of jobs that are part of the U.S. civil service?

  2. How does the current U.S. civil service differ from the U.S. civil service of the 19th century?

  3. What act depoliticized the U.S. civil service?

  4. Imagine the U.S. civil service reverted back to the spoils system. How would that change daily life in America?

 

Commercial Speech

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think commercial speech means?

  2. Use commercial speech in a sentence that might just be the best darned speech in the history of the world.

  3. Think of an example of commercial speech in current events:

  4. Find an image of commercial speech.

Fun Fact

Definition

Commercial speech: Advertisements and commercials for products and services; they receive less First Amendment protection, primarily to discourage false and misleading ads. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that “political speech”—speech that deals with issues of public interest or social concern—is entitled to full protection under the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It may be limited by government only rarely and under very limited circumstances.  “Commercial speech,” however, is given much less protection.  It may be regulated by the government in cases where “political speech” would be protected.

Sentence

The phrase "commercial speech" came from a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1942 when the owner of a World War I-vintage submarine sued the City of New York over a statute that forbade him to pass out flyers advertising tours of his boat.  The high court labeled the flyers “purely commercial,” even though they had an editorial on one side complaining about city policies.  The term “commercial speech” refers to speech—printed, broadcast or on the Internet—that advertises a product or service.

Example

Strip Club Stiletto Digs In Heels Over BYOB Ad Ban

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AP US Government and Politics

Gopopro.com

 

Questions

  1. How does commercial speech differ from political speech?

  2. If commercial speech was given the same protection as political speech could you outlaw false advertising?

  3. Do you think that commercial speech should be protected like political speech?

  4. What is the stupidest commercial speech (dumbest ad) you ever heard?

  5. Should Burger King commercials really be allowed to exist?

Federal Register

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think federal register means?

  2. Use federal register in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of federal register in current events:

  4. Find an image of federal register:

 

Fun Fact

 

Definition

Federal Register: An official document, published every weekday that lists the new and proposed regulations of executive departments and regulatory agencies.

Sentence

If you formed a watchdog organization to monitor the growth of the federal government, the first thing you'd want to do every morning is get a big hot cup of coffee and read the federal register. But be careful not to tell anyone the plot and spoil the ending.

Example

Hemp growers may try to block federal ban on marijuana extracts

 

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Fake Federal Register

  AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. The Federal Register was created on July 26, 1935. Why do you think the government started the Federal Register and why do you think it happened then?

  2. President Obama added 81,640 pages to the Federal Register. Explain whether that is a good or a bad thing?

  3. What is an example of something that would go in the federal register?

  4. If someone said they were going to register the wedding gifts they wanted on the federal register would you try to stop them?

National Supremacy

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think national supremacy means?

  2. Use national supremacy in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of national supremacy in current events:

  4. Find an image of national supremacy:

Fun Fact

 

Definition

National Supremacy: A constitutional doctrine (Article VI, Clause 2) that whenever conflict occurs between the constitutionally authorized actions of the national government and those of a state or local government, the actions of the federal government prevail.

Sentence

Because of national supremacy, the federal Clean Water Act overrules Colorado's water quality statute.

Example

State Can’t Log in National Forest Without Federal OK

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  AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. The National Supremacy Clause is contained in the U.S. Constitution. Which significant Supreme Court Cases revolve around the issue of national supremacy?

  2. How does national supremacy relate to federalism?

  3. What is an example of an instance of national supremacy in the U.S.?

  4. Describe an issue where you'd prefer that your state could override the national government?

Full Faith and Credit Clause

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Full Faith and Credit Clause means?

  2. Use Full Faith and Credit Clause in a sentence that you wouldn't be embarrassed for your mother to read.

  3. Think of an example of Full Faith and Credit Clause in current events:

  4. Find an image of Full Faith and Credit Clause:

 
 

Definition

Full Faith and Credit Clause: Article IV, Section 1 of the United States Constitution, known as the "Full Faith and Credit Clause", addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state." For example, because of the Full Faith and Credit Clause New Hampshire must recognize a motor vehicle license from Virginia, even though everybody knows Virginians can't drive! This term is NEVER abbreviated to FF and CC because that would be silly and sounds like the initials of a really boring couple. This is also not the name of Santa's off-season accounting firm.

Survey
Survey
Take Our Very Serious Survey
Virginians Are Good Drivers

Sentence

If it weren't for the Full Faith and Credit Clause, you'd have to get a married again each time you and your spouse moved to a new state. That could be very expensive and time consuming, but you'd get tons of cool wedding presents!

Example

Court: Colorado grandparents can have visitation with Orange County grandkids

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Question

  1. What does the Full Faith and Credit Clause require all states to do?

  2. What would the US be like without the Full Faith and Credit Clause?

  3. Rank the following clauses in order of importance to the USA: Commerce, National Supremacy, Full Faith and Credit, & Necessary and Proper: