Spoils System

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think spoils system means?

  2. Use spoils system in a sentence.

  3. List an example of spoils system in current events:

  4. Find an image of spoils system:

Fast Facts

Definition

Spoils system: "The Spoils System" was the name given to the practice of hiring and firing federal workers when presidential administrations changed in the 19th century. The practice began during the administration of President Andrew Jackson, who took office in March 1829. Jackson supporters portrayed it as a necessary and overdue effort at reforming the federal government. Jackson's political opponents had a very different interpretation, as they considered his method to be a corrupt use of political patronage.

Sentence

And the term Spoils System was intended to be a derogatory nickname. The phrase came from a speech by Senator William L. Marcy of New York. While defending the actions of the Jackson administration in a speech in the U.S. Senate, Marcy famously said, "To the victors belong the spoils."

Example

Firing bad federal government workers should not be difficult

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. Who benefited from the spoils system?

  2. What was a negative consequence of the spoils system?

  3. What was the main reason the U.S. government ended the spoils system?

  4. What was the spoils system replaced with?

  5. What would America be like if we returned to a spoils system?

AP Studio Art

Now draw Spoils System! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Linkage Institutions

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think linkage institution means?

  2. Use linkage institution in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of linkage institution in current events:

  4. Find an image of linkage institution:

Fun Fact

 

Definition

Linkage Institution: are informal groups that connect citizens to the government. They are not officially a part of the government, but are vital to maintaining democracy. These groups in American politics include the following: Political Parties, Campaigns + Elections, Interest Groups, and the Media.

Sentence

There is some argument about which linkage institution does the best job of connecting citizens to the government, but it is clear that without the media, there would be a dangerous lack of knowledge of what the U.S. government is doing.

Example

How Is The Shutdown Affecting America? Let Us Count The Ways

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

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Questions

  1. Which linkage institution do you think pays the most vital role in preserving democracy?

  2. Why is Congress not considered a linkage institution?

  3. Do you feel like linkage institutions are more empowering to the citizens or to the government?

  4. If we lived in a direct democracy in a very small country would we need linkage institutions?

  5. Imagine a country without linkage institutions and evaluate the level of democracy that would be possible?

AP Studio Art

Now draw Linkage Institutions! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Closed Primary

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Closed Primary means?

  2. Use Closed Primary in a sentence that you wouldn't be embarrassed for your Aunt Bertha to read.

  3. Think of an example of Closed Primary in current events:

  4. Find an image of Closed Primary:

Fun Fact

Definition

Closed Primary: In a closed primary, only voters registered with a given party can vote in that party's primary. States with closed primaries include party affiliation in voter registration so that the state has an official record of what party each voter is registered as.

Closed primaries preserve a party's freedom of association by better ensuring that only bona fide members of the party influence who that party nominates, but critics claim that closed primaries can exacerbate the radicalization that often occurs at the primary stage, when candidates must cater to their party's "base" rather than the political center.

In a few states, independent voters may register with a party on Election Day. However, they must remain registered with that party until they change their affiliation again. A handful of states even allow voters registered with one party to switch their registration at the polls to vote in another party's primary.

Sentence

The great state of North Carolina (North Cackalacky), has closed primaries. Therefore, if you are a registered Democrat you may not vote in the North Carolina's Republican closed primary.

Example

California Revisits Presidential Primary Process After 2016 Voter Nightmare

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AP US Government and Politics

Questions

  1. What is the main difference between an open and a closed primary?

  2. What state holds the nation's first primary every presidential election cycle?

  3. If a primary is closed how can you ever get there on time?????

  4. What kind of primary does your state have?

  5. if you were deciding for your state, would you chose an open, closed, or semi-closed primary?

  6. What would happen if we simply stopped having primary elections at all?

  7. If you are the second state to hold a primary is it called the secondary primary?

Primary Survey
Primary Survey
Answer our primary survey before you answer our secondary survey!
Closed Primaries are the best kind of primaries.

Gerrymander

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think gerrymander means?

  2. Use gerrymander in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of gerrymander in current events:

  4. Find an image of gerrymander.

Fun Fact

Definition

The dividing of a state, county, etc., into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts while concentrating the voting strength of the other party into as few districts as possible.

 

Sentence

That district was so gerrymandered that if you drove through it with your car doors open you would kill all the people in the district!

Example

The Great Southern Gerrymander Continues in 2016

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. Is gerrymandering legal? Should gerrymandering be legal?

  2. Do you live in a gerrymandered district? Explain your answer:

  3. Imagine the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) ruled gerrymandering unconstitutional. What would be the best and the worst consequences of this change?

  4. Gerrymandering was so named because Elbridge Gerry's district looked like a salamander.                  

Create a name from a US House Representative and an animal that their district looks like (See the most gerrymandered districts in America below):

Realigning Election

Prediction

  1. What do you think realigning election means? Pro tip: it's not a clothing store!

  2. Use realigning election in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of realigning election in current events:

  4. Find an image of realigning election:

 
 

Definition

Realigning Election: An election during periods of expanded suffrage and change in the economy and society that proves to be a turning point, redefining the agenda of politics and the alignment of voters within parties. This can also be known as a key election or critical election. Our party system has been shaped by these elections which have taken place roughly every generation or 32 years. 1824: Andrew Jackson & the Democrats; 1860: Civil War Republicans; 1886: Republican Progressives; 1932: FDR's New Deal. Check out all the U.S. presidential election maps ever.

Sentence

Judging by the patterns of US history, it is most likely that there has been a realigning election since 1932, where new factions and party members coalesced into a majority force in politics.

Example

Trump May Bring A Republican Recalibration, Not A Realignment

 

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Question

  1. What causes a realigning election?

  2. Was 2016 a realigning election?

  3. if realigning elections really take place about every 32 years, when have realigning elections happened since 1932?

Turnout

Prediction

  1. What do you think turnout means? Pro tip: turnout, not turn up!!!!

  2. Use turnout in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of turnout in current events:

  4. Find an image of turnout:

Fun Fact

Definition

Turnout: Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population. Here's a list of some things that affect voter turnout.

Sentence

Voter turnout varies between countries, and within countries, from one year to the next. In recent decades, the voter turnout in US presidential elections has averaged about 50% of the voting age population.

Example

Using Tech, Data to Increase Voter Turnout

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Question

  1. What is one reason that the US has a low voter turnout compared to other wealthy countries?

  2. Within the US, what are some groups of people who turn out at a higher rate than others?

  3. What is the main difference between turnout, turn up, and turnt?

  4. Explain turn up to your teacher?

  5. What would be one way to increase voter turnout in the US?

Gender Gap

Prediction

  1. What do you think gender gap means? Pro tip: it's not a clothing store!

  2. Use gender gap in a sentence (that makes sense and explains the term. For example, "Gender gap is a word." is not a good sentence).

  3. Think of an example of gender gap in current events:

  4. Find an image of gender gap:

Fun Fact

Definition

Gender gap: the differences between women and men, especially as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. The regular patterns by which women are more likely to hold more liberal views and support Democratic candidates. Gender Gap: Party Identification and Presidential Performance Ratings.

Sentence

The gender gap helps explain why females overwhelmingly voted for Democratic Senate candidates nationwide. 

Example

The unexpected voters behind the widest gender gap in recorded election history

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Question

  1. How big was the gender gap in the 2016 presidential election?

  2. Why is there a gender gap in the US?

  3. And why is the gender gap widening?

  4. What is one effect of the gender gap?

  5. Can you think of a current politician who could erase or at least limit the gender gap?

Coattail Effect

Prediction

  1. What do you think coattail effect means?

  2. Use coattail effect in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of coattail effect in current events:

  4. Find an image of coattail effect:

Fun Fact

Definition

Coattail effect: The boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president. The coattail effect, or down-ballot effect is the tendency for a popular political party leader to attract votes for other candidates of the same party in an election.

Sentence

Hugh Jass wasn't the world's greatest candidate, but when Libertarian presidential candidate Pepperpot won the popular vote by 19 percentage points, all kinds of unpopular Libertarians road his coattails and were elected to Congress.

Example

A Closer Look at Trump's 'Coattails Effect'

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Questions

  1. Do most winning presidents have much of a coattail effect for their party?

  2. Why do you think the coattail effect exists?

  3. Did Donald Trump have a big coattail effect in the 2016 election?

Civil Disobedience

Prediction

  1. What do you think civil disobedience means?

  2. Use civil disobedience in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of civil disobedience in current events:

  4. Find an image of civil disobedience:

 
 

Definition

Deliberate refusal to obey a law or comply with the orders of public officials as a means of expressing opposition in order to influence legislation or government policy, characterized by the employment of such nonviolent techniques as boycotting, picketing, and nonpayment of taxes.

Sentence

For the U.S., the practice of civil disobedience was fundamental in the country’s founding revolution.

Example

Executive Orders And The Call For Civil Disobedience

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Question(s)

  1. List two forms of civil disobedience:

  2. Do you think that civil disobedience is justified when a government is unjust or unresponsive to the will of the people?

  3. Have you ever participated or known anyone who participated in civil disobedience?

  4. What famous Americans practiced civil disobedience?

Mass Movement

Prediction

  1. What do you think mass movement means?

  2. Use mass movement in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of mass movement in current events:

  4. Find an image of mass movement.

 

 

Definition

A large body of people interested in a common issue, idea, or concern that is of continuing significance and who are willing to take actin. Movements seek to change attitudes or institutions, not just politics. Here's a list of some major US mass movements of the 20th century. Also known as social movements, or movements.

Sentence

If enough people are willing to participate in a mass movement, they can affect the course of American history.

Example

March nemesis: Donald Trump may unwittingly be a revitalising force for American feminism

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Question(s)

  1. What are some of the methods mass movements use to achieve their goals?

  2. What is one mass movement from the past that has made a huge impact on the US?

  3. Do you believe that the people who marched against Donald Trump will form into a durable mass movement?

  4. Taking away what one letter from this vocab term would be kind of funny even though it is very immature?

Name Recognition

Prediction

  1. What do you think name recognition means?

  2. Use name recognition in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of name recognition in current events:

  4. Find an image of name recognition:

 
 

Definition

Incumbents have an advantage over challengers in election campaigns because voters are more familiar with them, and incumbents are more recognizable. Name recognition is also known as name ID. Trump dominated GOP field in name recognition.

Sentence

In politics negative name recognition (Anthony Weiner; D - NY) is better than no name recognition (Kevin Cramer; R - ND). If you haven't heard of someone you probably won't vote for them.

Example

Name recognition is apparently everything in politics

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Question(s)

  1. How much does name recognition matter?

  2. Why does it matter?

  3. If name recognition mattered, then famous people and celebrities would run for office but that never happens. Does it?

  4. People wouldn't be silly enough to vote for someone simply based on their name, would they?

 

 

 

 

Party Identification

Prediction

  1. What do you think party identification means?

  2. Use party identification in a GoPo type of sentence: Please do not write, "Dude, I identified a big party at Craig's house this weekend! His parents were out of town and dude, we raged!!!!!"

  3. Describe an example of party identification in current events:

  4. Find an image of party identification:

 
 

Definition

An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood. Here's a nifty set of charts of what party identification in the US looks like over the years. And here's a rad map of the United States divided by majority party affiliation of each state.

Sentence

Most people's party identification is formed in in their youth, is usually the same as their parents', and tends to remain the same throughout a voter's lifetime.

Example

The Single Greatest Force in American Politics? Partisanship

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Questions

  1. What is your parents' party identification (ID) and what is your party identification (ID)? Why are those answers usually the same, and if yours isn't, why is that?

  2. How has party identification changed over the past 50 years in the U.S.?

  3. Why are there really only two viable party identifications in the US?

  4. Would you date/marry/cuddle with someone who had a different party ID from your own?

  5. How does Party ID (identification) affect US elections in general and the 2016 presidential election in particular?

  6. Do you think the Trump presidency will result in a change in trends in political party identification in the U.S.?

Lobbyist

Prediction

  1. What do you think lobbyist means?

  2. Use lobbyist in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of lobbyist in current events:

Fun Fact


Definition

Someone hired by a business or a cause to persuade legislators to support that business or cause. Lobbyists get paid to win favor from politicians. Here is a table with every state's legal definition of lobbyist. And here is an Open Secrets list of how many lobbyists there are in the U.S.

Sentence

"When I grow up, I want to be a lobbyist and work for Exxon Mobil to persuade legislators that climate change isn't real," said no one ever.

Example

With Trump's Election, a Bonanza for Washington Lobbyists

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Question(s)

  1. Why don't lobbyists lobby legislators to make lobbying illegal?

  2. What are two good things and two bad things about lobbyists.

  3. An acronym is a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words and pronounced as a separate word, as Wac from Women's Army Corps, OPEC from Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or loran from long-range navigation, or SCUBA, standing for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. Imagine Lobbyist was an acronym, what would the letters stand for?