Bureaucratic Rule-Making

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think bureaucratic rule-making means?

  2. Use bureaucratic rule-making in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of bureaucratic rule-making in current events:

  4. Find an image of bureaucratic rule-making:

Fun Fact

 

Definition

Bureaucratic Rule-Making: The federal bureaucracy makes rules that affect how programs operate, and these rules must be obeyed, just as if they were laws. The rule-making process for government agencies occurs in stages. After Congress passes new regulatory laws, the agency charged with implementing the law proposes a series of rules, which are published in the Federal Register. Interested parties can comment on the rules, either at public hearings or by submitting documents to the agency. After the agency publishes the final regulations, it must wait sixty days before enforcing those rules. During that time, Congress can review and change the rules if it desires. If Congress makes no changes, the rules go into effect at the end of sixty days. Here’s how the bureaucratic rule-making process is laid out in the Federal Register.

Sentence

While bureaucrats writing regulations and rule-making may seem like a violation of the separation of powers fundamental to the American government, federal agencies may enact rules solely within the statutory authority granted to them by Congress. These administrative laws allow regular citizens to have a greater influence on regulations that could directly impact them. Citizens are given opportunities to propose rule language and comment on language agencies propose.

Example

Responsiveness and durability: An analysis of the Accountability and State Plans rule

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

Video

Bureaucratic Rule-Making from Khan Academy


Questions

  1. Should the executive branch be making rules? Isn’t that the legislative branch’s job?

  2. What would happen to the American policy-making system if bureucratic rule-making were outlawed?

  3. In what way is bureaucratic rule-making democratic and in what way is it not?

AP Studio Art

Now draw bureaucratic rule-making! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

White House Staff

Prediction

  1. What do you think White House Staff means?

  2. Use White House Staff in an unprecedentedly fantastic sentence.

  3. Find an example of White House Staff in current events:

  4. Find an image of White House Staff :

Fun Fact

Definition

The White House Staff is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office of the President. The White House Staff advise the president and help the president carry out his responsibilities.

History

Over most of U.S. history cabinet secretaries have been among the most important formal advisers to presidents, and they exercised important managerial roles in implementing government policies and programs. With the large expansion of the government’s role in the economy in reaction to the Great Depression, Congress provided authority for the creation of the White House staff, which was formalized in the creation of the Executive Office of the President in 1939. The official White House staff began with six advisers to the president, but Presidents Truman and Eisenhower continued to rely heavily on their cabinet secretaries for policy advice.

Sentence

President Obama continued the 20th century trend of centralizing control in the White House staff, ensuring the frustration of cabinet secretaries.

Example

Cabinet secretaries versus the White House staff

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VIDEO

QUESTIONS

  1. What is the primary job of the White House Staff?

  2. Must embers of the White House Staff be confirmed by the Senate?

  3. Who hires and fires the White House Staff?

  4. How is the White House Staff different from the Cabinet?

AP Studio Art

Now draw the White House Staff! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. You could just draw an org chart of who is in the staff. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. The White House Staff. That’s all. You won!

Politico

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think politico means?

  2. Use politico in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of politico in current events:

  4. Find an image of politico:

Fun Fact

 

Definition

Politico: elected representatives must make political decisions about how to vote. A politicians is called a trustee when they follow their own best judgement, and a delegate when they follow the will of the people. A politico plays the role of delegate when the people feel strongly about an issue, and plays the role of trustee when public opinion is muted. This representative who combines these two approaches to public office depending upon the circumstance is known as a politico.

Sentence

Senator Slapphappy is such a politico. She listens to the people back in Wyoming when they are really concerned about an issue, but when they are not paying attention to a certain issue, she does whatever she wants.

Example

Trump, Romney Flip-Flop on Immigration and Each Other

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. What is the main difference between the delegate, trustee, and politico model of representation?

  2. List a politician who strongly follows the delegate, trustee, or politico model of representation:

  3. If you were a politician would you be more likely to follow the delegate, trustee, or politico model of representation?

  4. Of the delegate, trustee, or politico model of representation, which is the most democratic?

AP Studio Art

Now draw Politico! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Conference Committee

U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think conference committee means?

  2. Use conference committee in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of conference committee in current events:

  4. Find an image of conference committee:

Fun Fact

Definition

Conference Committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of House and Senate conferees which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.

Sentence

When the Senate and the House pass different versions of a bill, Congress must convene a conference committee to reconcile the differences.

Example

Conservatives Get Their Shot to Change the Republican Health-Care Bill

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

Questions

  1. When does the Congress call a conference committee?

  2. What happens after the conference committee reaches agreement on a bill?

  3. How often does Congress end up with conference committees?

Docket

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think docket means?

  2. Use docket in a sentence that will Make America Great Again.

  3. Think of an example of docket in current events:

  4. Find an image of docket:

  5. List one word that rhymes with docket:

Fun Fact

Definition

Docket: The list of potential cases that reach the Supreme Court. You can search the SCOTUS docket right here right now.

Sentence

The Supreme Court docket has been much smaller under the conservative Roberts Court than it was under the activist Warren Court.

Example

Legal scholarship highlight: An empirical analysis of the Court’s shrinking docket

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Rhyme Thyme

Pocket, Locket, Lock it, Unlock it, Roquette, Socket, Rocket, Rockette, Sock it, Hock it, Mock it, Knock it, Wockit!

Questions

  1. Who determines what gets on the SCOTUS docket?

  2. About how many cases are on the SCOTUS docket to be heard each year?

  3. Which is the worst rhyming word with docket?

  4. Why would liberal/activists tend to want to hear more cases than conservative justices?

Office of Management and Budget

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Office of Management and Budget (OMB) means?

  2. Use Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in a good old fashioned all-American sentence.

  3. Think of an example of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in current events:

  4. Find an image of Office of Management and Budget (OMB):

Fun Fact

Definition

The Office of Management and Budget: is a presidential staff agency that serves as a clearing-house for budgetary requests and management improvements for government agencies.  Mick Mulvaney is the current director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The OMB is par tof the Executive Office of the President.

The Office of Management and Budget should not to be confused with the Office of Banishment and Muggles, nor should OMB be confused with OMD, Orchestral Maneuvers in the Dark, an 80s band that the mere mention of will make your teacher blush.

Sentence

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) serves the President of the United States in overseeing the implementation of his vision across the Executive Branch.

Example

White House wants to strip existing infrastructure funds to divert them to its own infrastructure plan

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Question

  1. What is the primary job of the OMB?

  2. Who appoints the head of the OMB?

  3. Is there any agency in the US that has a more important job while at the same time, being less well known?

Precedent

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think precedent means? Pro tip, I'm not talking about when a southerner says, "president."

  2. Use precedent in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of precedent in current events:

  4. Find an image of precedent:

Fun Fact

Definition

Precedent: A decision made by a higher court such as a circuit court of appeals or the Supreme Court that is binding in all other federal courts. A legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases. any act, decision, or case that serves as a guide or justification for subsequent situations. 

Sentence

The ruling in Brown v. Board set the precedent that legally, schools could no longer be segregated.

Example

The Garland Precedent Should Not Stop Gorsuch

 

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What is a famous precedent set by the Supreme Court?

  2. Can the US Supreme Court overturn a precedent?

  3. What is an example of the Supreme Court overturning precedent?

  4. If the Supreme Court sets a precedent involving a president, what do you call that?

Congressional Budget Office

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think Congressional Budget Office (CBO) means?

  2. Use Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in a sentence that would impress any first-date.

  3. Think of an example of Congressional Budget Office (CBO) in current events:

  4. Find an image of Congressional Budget Office (CBO): They have a really cool logo!

Fun Fact

Definition

Congressional Budget Office (CBO): A nonpartisan agency of Congress that analyzes presidential budget recommendations and estimates the costs of proposed legislation. CBO provides Congress with analyses for economic and budget decisions and with estimates required for the Congressional budget process.

Sentence

The non-partisan CBO issues a score on major pieces of legislation so that legislators can know the costs of any laws they pass.

Example

What is the CBO, and why does its ‘score’ on the Obamacare repeal matter?
 

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What does the CBO do?

  2. What do we mean when we say that the CBO is nonpartisan?

  3. What branch of government is the CBO in?

  4. What would be one consequence of eliminating the Congressional Budget Office?

  5. If the Congress decided to eliminate the CBO, would the CBO issue a score on the cost of its own elimination?

  6. Would the CBO logo make a better television station, website, or band logo?

  7. Imagine you were starting a business with the initials: CBO. What would you want CBO to stand for?

Filibuster

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think filibuster means?

  2. Use filibuster in a sentence that would impress any first-date.

  3. Think of an example of filibuster in current events:

  4. Find an image of filibuster.

Fun Fact

Definition

Filibuster: a strategy employed in the United States Senate, whereby a minority can delay a vote on proposed legislation by making long speeches or introducing irrelevant issues. A successful filibuster can force withdrawal of a bill. Filibusters can be ended only by cloture, which requires 60 votes. 

Sentence

The Senator filibustered the environmental bill by reading Oh The Places You'll Go, for over 8 hours.

Example

What losing the filibuster for the Supreme Court would really mean

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What does filibuster mean?

  2. What language does filibuster come from?

  3. How do you stop a filibuster?

  4. The Republican Party may be putting an end to the use of the filibuster in confirmation hearings. Do you think that's a good idea?

  5. If I told you I had a friend in college named Phil E. Buster would you believe me? Would you like to buy some beach front property in Oklahoma?

Civil Service

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think civil service means?

  2. Use civil service in a sentence:

  3. Find an example of civil service in current events:

  4. Find an image of civil service:

 
 

Definition

Civil Service: Federal employees who work for government through a competitive, not political selection process. The permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians. U.S. state and local government entities often have competitive civil service systems that are modeled on the national system, in varying degrees. According to the Office of Personnel Management, as of December 2011, there were approximately 2.79 million civil servants employed by the U.S. government.

Sentence

In the 19th century U.S. civil service positions, through the spoils system, were filled based on party loyalty and political patronage.

Example

The Ugly History Behind Trump’s Attacks on Civil Servants

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AP US Government and Politics

Question(s)

  1. What are some examples of jobs that are part of the U.S. civil service?

  2. How does the current U.S. civil service differ from the U.S. civil service of the 19th century?

  3. What act depoliticized the U.S. civil service?

  4. Imagine the U.S. civil service reverted back to the spoils system. How would that change daily life in America?

 

Federal Register

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think federal register means?

  2. Use federal register in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of federal register in current events:

  4. Find an image of federal register:

 

Fun Fact

 

Definition

Federal Register: An official document, published every weekday that lists the new and proposed regulations of executive departments and regulatory agencies.

Sentence

If you formed a watchdog organization to monitor the growth of the federal government, the first thing you'd want to do every morning is get a big hot cup of coffee and read the federal register. But be careful not to tell anyone the plot and spoil the ending.

Example

Hemp growers may try to block federal ban on marijuana extracts

 

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Fake Federal Register

AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. The Federal Register was created on July 26, 1935. Why do you think the government started the Federal Register and why do you think it happened then?

  2. President Obama added 81,640 pages to the Federal Register. Explain whether that is a good or a bad thing?

  3. What is an example of something that would go in the federal register?

  4. If someone said they were going to register the wedding gifts they wanted on the federal register would you try to stop them?

Gerrymander

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think gerrymander means?

  2. Use gerrymander in a sentence:

  3. Think of an example of gerrymander in current events:

  4. Find an image of gerrymander.

Fun Fact

Definition

The dividing of a state, county, etc., into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts while concentrating the voting strength of the other party into as few districts as possible.

 

Sentence

That district was so gerrymandered that if you drove through it with your car doors open you would kill all the people in the district!

Example

The Great Southern Gerrymander Continues in 2016

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. Is gerrymandering legal? Should gerrymandering be legal?

  2. Do you live in a gerrymandered district? Explain your answer:

  3. Imagine the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) ruled gerrymandering unconstitutional. What would be the best and the worst consequences of this change?

  4. Gerrymandering was so named because Elbridge Gerry's district looked like a salamander.                  

Create a name from a US House Representative and an animal that their district looks like (See the most gerrymandered districts in America below):

Party Caucus

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think party caucus means?

  2. Use party caucus in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of party caucus in current events:

  4. Find an image of party caucus:

Fun Fact

Definition

Party Caucus: A meeting of members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and develop party policy. Called a conference by the Republicans. Participants set legislative agendas, select committee members and chairs, and hold elections to choose various Floor leaders. This process takes place for both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Here is a list of Democratic Senate Caucus leadership, and Republican Senate Caucus leadership.

Sentence

The Democratic Party Caucus met the other day to strategize about health care policy.

Example

GOP health-care bill: House Republican leaders abruptly pull their rewrite of the nation’s health-care law

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AP US Government and Politics

Questions

  1. What do party caucuses do?

  2. How does a caucus pick its leadership?

  3. If cacti is the plural of cactus, what is the plural of caucus?

  4. If you are in a party caucus does that make you a caucasian?

  5. If the Congress outlawed caucuses (cauci?!) how would that change the lawmaking process?

Executive Office of the President

Prediction

  1. What do you think Executive Office of the President means?

  2. Use Office of Executive Office of the President in a life-changing, mind-blowing sentence.

  3. Find an example of Executive Office of the President in current events:

  4. Find an image of Executive Office of the President:

Fun Fact

Definition

The Executive Office of the President (EOP): The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units. To provide the President with the support that he or she needs to govern effectively, the Executive Office of the President (EOP) was created in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Overseen by the White House Chief of Staff, the EOP has traditionally been home to many of the President’s closest advisors.

Sentence

Every day, the President of the United States is faced with scores of decisions, each with important consequences for America’s future. To provide the President with the support that he or she needs to govern effectively, the Executive Office of the President (EOP) was created in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The EOP has responsibility for tasks ranging from communicating the President’s message to the American people to promoting our trade interests abroad.

Example

Experts Say White House's Conway Response Raises Major Ethical Questions

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Questions

  1. What is the primary job of the Executive Office of the President (EOP)?

  2. Who appoints the members of the EOP?

  3. Does the Congress have to confirm all of these picks?

Judicial Review

Prediction

  1. What do you think Judicial Review means?

  2. Use Judicial Review in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of Judicial Review in current events:

  4. Find an image of judicial review:

Fun Fact

Definition

The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or a government regulation that in the opinion of the judges conflicts with the U.S. Constitution, or in a state court, the state constitution. Here is the entire court opinion in the case of Marbury v Madison which established the principal of judicial review in the U.S.

Sentence

Without judicial review the U.S. Congress and President would be greatly empowered and the Supreme Court would be vastly diminished.

Example

Federal Circuit Panel Urges Court to Revisit Reviewability of § 315(b) En Banc

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Questions

  1. When was judicial review first established in the U.S.?

  2. What would U.S. checks and balances be like without judicial review?

  3. What would happen to presidential power without judicial review?

  4. If the Rockettes put on black robes and performed a show would it be called Judicial Review?

  5. Does your family have it's own kind of judicial review for family matters?

Gross domestic product (GDP)

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think gross domestic product (GDP) means?

  2. Use GDP in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of GDP in current events:

  4. Find an image of GDP:

 
 

Definition

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): one of the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents the total dollar value of all goods and services produced over a specific time period; you can think of it as the size of the economy. If your teacher is over 33 years old, under 54, and slightly hip, ask them this, "You down with GDP?" And about they will say, "Yeah, you know me!" Here's a great video from Planet Money about how to calculate GDP.

Sentence

The current US GDP is approximately $18.9 trillion, which is equal to 18,900,000,000,000. That's 18.9 thousand billion dollars. That's a lot!

Example

A Day Without a Woman Could Cost the Country Nearly $21 Billion in GDP

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Question

  1. What does GDP measure?

  2. Why does the US have the world's biggest GDP?

  3. The US has the world's biggest GDP, when you divide our GDP by the number of people in America, how well do you think the US ranks?

  4. What parts of the US government are most responsible for growing GDP?

Amicus Curiae Brief

Prediction

  1. What do you think amicus curiae brief means? Pro-tip, it's not a kind of underwear.

  2. Use amicus curiae brief in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of amicus curiae brief in current events:

  4. Find an image of amicus curiae brief:

 
 

Definition

Amicus Curiae Brief Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individual or organization to present arguments in addition to those presented by the immediate parties to a case.  Frequently, a person or group who is not a party to a lawsuit, but has a strong interest in the matter, will petition the court for permission to submit a brief in the action with the intent of influencing the court's decision.

Sentence

Although it was not directly involved in the case, Exxon filed an amicus brief on behalf of the state of Michigan in support of affirmative action.

Example

Yahoo Joins List of Tech Firms Challenging Travel Ban

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How the heck do you say it???

 

Question(s)

  1. Now that you know how to say it, what does amicus curiae mean?

  2. Why would someone file an amicus curiae brief?

  3. How much do you think amicus briefs, or friend of the court briefs actually affect judgement in a case?

Regulation

Prediction

  1. What do you think regulation means?

  2. Use regulation in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of regulation in current events:

  4. Find an image of regulation:

 

Fun Fact

Definition

Regulation: A policy that encourages or discourages certain behavior by imposing a legally-binding rule. Rules are made through a long process that begins with an act of Congress and ends with issuance of a final rule.

Sentence

The United States discourages certain behaviors like smoking, using illegal drugs, polluting, and listening to Nelly by the use of regulations.

Example

Why We Should Say 'Protections' and Not 'Regulations'

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Question(s)

  1. What government entities create regulations?

  2. What is one thing the US government has regulated in our country's history?

  3. Do you think that regulations generally help or hurt countries?

  4. What is one government regulation that you think isbeneficial?

  5. President Trump has vowed to get rid of 75% of US government protections, or regulations. Do you think that would be a good idea?

Closed Rule

Prediction

  1. What do you think closed rule means?

  2. Use closed rule in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of closed rule in current events:

  4. Find an image of closed rule:

Fun Fact

Definition

Closed Rule: A procedural rule in the House of Representatives that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting the bill may offer amendments. An open rule, on the other hand, permits floor amendments within the overall time allocated to the bill. A bill's status as open or closed is decided upon by the House Rules Committee.

Sentence

Because the House Republican majority had imposed a closed rule on the recent pet chicken safety bill, once the bill had left the agriculture committee, the Democrats were not allowed to add amendments about the wearing of HAZMAT suits when petting chickens. After that, the Democratic party had a going out of business sale.

Example

House Dem compares closed floor process to Putin's Russia

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Questions

  1. Who decides if a bill is open or closed?

  2. What is one advantage to the majority party in declaring a bill closed?

  3. Does the legislative process seem mostly transparent, open, and democratic?

  4. What portion of bills were closed in the first session fo the 114th Congress.

Treaty

Prediction

  1. What do you think treaty means?

  2. Use treaty in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of treaty in current events:

  4. Find an image of treaty:

Fun Fact

Definition

Treaty: A formal public agreement between the United States and one or more nations that must be approved by two-thirds of the Senate.

Sentence

At the end of WWI President Woodrow Wilson negotiated the Treaty of Versailles, but he was unable to get 2/3 of the Senate to agree to pass it.

Example

Republican bills counter Russia’s apparent violation of nuclear arms treaty

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Question(s)

  1. Who is in charge of negotiating treaties for the United States?

  2. What body has the power to vote for or against treaties?

  3. Currently, it takes 2/3 of the Senate to ratify a treaty. Would it be better to make ratification based on a simple majority?

  4. What is one treaty (nation or topic) you think Trump will negotiate?