Political Polarization

GoPoPro

Prediction

  1. What is the meaning of political polarization?

  2. Use political polarization in a sentence (that won’t come back to haunt you):

  3. Describe a connection to political polarization in current events:

  4. Find an image related to political polarization:

Fun Facts

Definition

Political Polarization: the vast and growing gap between liberals and conservatives, Republicans and Democrats – is a defining feature of American politics today. Republicans and Democrats are more divided along ideological lines – and partisan acrimony is deeper and more extensive – than at any point in recent history. And these trends manifest themselves in myriad ways, both in politics and in everyday life. Today 92% of Republicans are to the right of the median Democrat, and 94% of Democrats are to the left of the median Republican

Sentence

Republicans and Democrats are more politically polarized and divided along ideological lines – than at any point in recent history. “Ideological silos” are now common on both the left and right. People with down-the-line ideological positions – especially conservatives – are more likely than others to say that most of their close friends share their political views. Liberals and conservatives disagree over where they want to live, the kind of people they want to live around and even whom they would welcome into their families.

Current Events

Red America, Blue America: Why Political Polarization Will Only Worsen

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

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Audio

Questions

  1. What is political polarization?

  2. Describe an instance of political polarization in your life?

  3. What has caused growing political polarization in the U.S.?

  4. What is a consequence of the growing political polarization in the U.S.?

  5. Has the current President increased or decreased American Political Polarization?

AP Studio Art

Now draw political polarization Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Rule of Law

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What is the meaning of Rule of Law?

  2. Use Rule of Law in a sentence (that won’t come back to haunt you):

  3. Describe a connection to Rule of Law in current events:

  4. Find an image related to Rule of Law:

Fun Facts

Definition

Rule of Law: Rule of law is a principle under which all persons, institutions, and entities are accountable to laws that are:

  • Publicly promulgated

  • Equally enforced

  • Independently adjudicated

  • Consistent with international human rights principles

Sentence

The courts play an integral role in maintaining the rule of law, particularly when they hear the grievances voiced by minority groups or by those who may hold minority opinions.  Equality before the law is such an essential part of the American system of government that, when a majority, whether acting intentionally or unintentionally, infringes upon the rights of a minority, the Court may see fit to hear both sides of the controversy in court.

Current Events

Court-Packing: A Blow Against the Rule of Law

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AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

Video

Audio

Questions

  1. What is the Rule of Law?

  2. Is the U.S. Constitution compatible with the rule of law?

  3. If we didn’t have independent courts would we have rule of law?

  4. Explain whether the Trump administration tested the principle of the rule of law?

  5. Would you rather have rule of law or rule of slaw?

AP Studio Art

Now draw rule of law! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Socialism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think socialism means?

  2. Use socialism in a sentence.

  3. List an example of socialism in current events:

  4. Find an image of socialism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Socialism: an ideology that cherishes equality. The means of production are managed by the working people, and there is a democratically elected government. Central planning distributes common goods, such as mass transit, housing, and energy, while the free market is allowed to distribute consumer goods.  

You can take this nifty short quiz to find out if you are a social democrat.

Sentence

Whether you like it or not, socialism is back in fashion and it is gaining support among America’s youth. A recent YouGov survey found that 43 percent of respondents under the age of 30 had a favorable view of socialism. Only 32 percent had a favorable view of capitalism.

Example

How 'socialism' plays poorly with the middle of the electorate

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

Ha!

AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What is one thing an American socialist would strongly believe in?

  2. What is the difference between liberalism and socialism?

  3. Can you list one well known American socialist?

  4. In what ways are your beliefs similar to and different from Socialism?

  5. What would be one major policy an American socialist would advocate?

AP Studio Art

Now draw Socialism! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

Libertarianism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think libertarianism means?

  2. Use libertarianism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of libertarianism in current events:

  4. Find an image of libertarianism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Libertarianism: an ideology that cherishes individual liberty and insists on minimal government, promoting a free market economy, a non-interventionist foreign policy, and an absence of regulation in moral, economic, and social life. An extreme laissez-faire political philosophy advocating only minimal state intervention in the lives of citizens. Or, as American Libertarians say in their party platform preamble, "we seek a world of liberty; a world in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives and no one is forced to sacrifice his or her values for the benefit of others." You can take this nifty short Libertarian Quiz, but remember, the Libertarians made the quiz so it will push you in a certain direction, and they will decide how you score. Still, worth taking!

Sentence

Since Ricky Bobby was a Libertarian he supported the right of gay couples to smoke marijuana while they bought guns.

Example

The End of the Libertarian Dream?

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Take this with a grain of salt.

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Ha!

AP U.S. Government and Politics

 

Questions

  1. What is one thing a libertarian would strongly believe in?

  2. In what ways is Donald J. Trump a Libertarian and in what ways is he not?

  3. Can you list one well known Libertarian?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to Libertarianism?

  5. If you were a Libertarian and had to choose between a generic Democrat and a Republican presidential candidate. Which would you most likely chose and why?

  6. Why do Libertarians generally favor legalization of many drugs?

Survey
Survey
I am a Libertarian.
Option One

Liberalism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think liberalism means?

  2. Use liberalism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of liberalism in current events:

  4. Find an image of liberalism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Liberalism: an ideology that government can and should achieve justice and equality of opportunity. the belief in the value of social and political change in order to achieve progress.

Sentence

One reason that many traditionally disempowered   groups favor liberalism is its emphasis on change.

Example

Liberalism Needs the “Alt-Left”

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Questions

  1. What is one thing a liberal would strongly believe in?

  2. Liberalism is only a few letters off from libertarianism. What is the main way it is different?

  3. Can you list one well known liberal?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to liberalism? What is the biggest difference between liberalism and conservatism?

Conservativism

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think conservatism means?

  2. Use conservatism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of conservatism in current events:

  4. Find an image of conservatism:

Fun Fact

Definition

Conservatism: an ideology that limited government ensures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity. A commitment to traditional values and ideas with opposition to change or innovation. And the holding of political views that favor free enterprise, private ownership, and socially conservative ideas.

Sentence

Ever since Junior could remember, Pee-Paw had been a strong conservative with traditional American family values. Pee-Paw ha festooned his home with Conservative sayings. His living room was home to the Thomas Jefferson quote, "That government is best which governs least, because its people discipline themselves." The Reagan quote, "government is not the solution to our problem. Government is our problem." And the Guns N' Roses quote, "Welcome to the Jungle!" Junior, being liberal in his thinking, never did like to visit his Pee-Paw very much.

Example

The Health-Care Debacle Was a Failure of Conservatism

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AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Questions

  1. What is one thing a conservative would strongly believe in?

  2. In what ways is Donald J. Trump a conservative and in what ways is he not?

  3. Can you list one well known conservative?

  4. How similar are your beliefs to conservatism?

Political Socialization

AP US Government and Politics

Prediction

  1. What do you think political socialization means?

  2. Use political socialization in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of political socialization in current events:

  4. Find an image of political socialization.

Fun Fact

Definition

The process-most notably in families and schools - by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs.

Sentence

Although he thought he could beat political socialization and be his own man, free from the influence of his family, on election day when he learned that his mother, father, grandmother, and grandfather, had, like him, voted for Trump, he realized the power of political socialization and the futility of fighting against its vast power! 

Example

American Politics in the 21st Century: To be or not to be a Democracy

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AP US Government and Politics


Questions

  1. What would you say are three of your top political values and beliefs?

  2. Where do you think you learned your political beliefs and values?

  3. How many people do you know who vote for a party that is absolutely different from both of their parents?

  4. Would you marry someone who, despite being extraordinarily hot and perfect for you in every other way, had a totally opposite opinion from you regarding Donald Trump?

  5. Why do you think families have such a strong influence on people's political beliefs?

Cross-cutting cleavages

Prediction

  1. What do you think cross-cutting cleavages (CCC) means?

  2. Use cross-cutting cleavages in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of cross-cutting cleavages in current events:

  4. Find an image of cross-cutting cleavages: On second thought, don't find an image of cross-cutting cleavages. Too risky.

Fun Fact

Definition

Cross-cutting cleavages: Political cleavages are national, ethnic, linguistic, and religious divisions that affect political allegiances and policies. Cleavages can be reinforcing (cumulative) or cross-cutting. For example, if a nation was divided by cross-cutting cleavages then some people of a certain ethnic group might be rich while other people of the same ethnic group might be poor. In a nation divided by reinforcing cleavages, all people of one ethnic group would be rich and all people of another ethnic group would be poor. Cross-cutting cleavages were originally suggested as a mechanism for political stability, as no group can align all its members along a uniform cleavage-based platform, but rather has to appeal to members of the group that are spread throughout the groups created by other cleavages.

Sentence

In the US, we are divided by cross-cutting cleavages. Most Americans have some point of overlap regarding race, religion, socio-economic status, and gender. In Northern Ireland, there is really just one big reinforcing cleavage; religion. It doesn't matter if you are rich are poor, the big divide in all political matters is based upon whether you are Protestant and Catholic.

Example

Female scholars react to Hillary Clinton's historic nomination

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Questions

  1. What is the main difference between cross-cutting and reinforcing cleavages?

  2. Is the US more divided by cross-cutting or reinforcing cleavages?

  3. is cross-cutting or reinforcing cleavages worse for the stability of a nation?

  4. Did the 2016 election change your opinion about cleavages in the US political system? 

Gender Gap

Prediction

  1. What do you think gender gap means? Pro tip: it's not a clothing store!

  2. Use gender gap in a sentence (that makes sense and explains the term. For example, "Gender gap is a word." is not a good sentence).

  3. Think of an example of gender gap in current events:

  4. Find an image of gender gap:

Fun Fact

Definition

Gender gap: the differences between women and men, especially as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. The regular patterns by which women are more likely to hold more liberal views and support Democratic candidates. Gender Gap: Party Identification and Presidential Performance Ratings.

Sentence

The gender gap helps explain why females overwhelmingly voted for Democratic Senate candidates nationwide. 

Example

The unexpected voters behind the widest gender gap in recorded election history

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Question

  1. How big was the gender gap in the 2016 presidential election?

  2. Why is there a gender gap in the US?

  3. And why is the gender gap widening?

  4. What is one effect of the gender gap?

  5. Can you think of a current politician who could erase or at least limit the gender gap?

Political Culture

Prediction

  1. What do you think political culture means?

  2. Use political culture in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of political culture in current events:

  4. Find an image of political culture:

Fun Fact

Definition

Political Culture: The Widely shared beliefs, values, and norms about how citizens relate to government and one another

Sentence

Just like every individual has their own beliefs about the role of government, every nation is an amalgamation of its citizens' individual beliefs, which add up to make its political culture. Like individuals, some nations have a conservative political culture, others, liberal.

Example

Oscars 2017: Let ‘La La Land’ win best picture, just don’t let it run the table

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Question(s)

  1. Where does a nation's political culture come from?

  2. Why is one nation's political culture different from another's?

  3. Can a nation's political culture change over time?

  4. If political culture is widely shared norms and values, and a nation is divided, can it be said to have a political culture?

  5. What is American political culture, or what are some norms, beliefs, and political values even a Trump and Clinton supporter can agree on?

  6. What nation's political culture is the most different or diametrically opposed to the U.S.?

 

Ethnocentrism

Prediction

  1. What do you think ethnocentrism means?

  2. Use ethnocentrism in a sentence.

  3. Think of an example of ethnocentrism in current events:

  4. Find an image of ethnocentrism (I hope it's not a selfie):

Fun Fact

Definition

Ethnocentrism: Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group, often accompanied by feelings of dislike for other groups. The evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture.

Sentence

Trying to appear less ethnocentric, Bob removed his Make America Great Again hat when he entered the Hindu temple. It was too late, for he had already been spotted on the closed-circuit video feed.

Example

Muslims are the least popular religious group in the U.S. They’re disliked even more than atheists.

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Question(s)

  1. Do you think most humans are ethnocentric?

  2. Is ethnocentrism a bad thing?

  3. What is one way to challenge or fight against ethnocentrism?

  4. Fill in the blank map below with how an ethnocentric American would view each country or area.