Linkage Institutions

AP US Government and Politics


  1. What do you think linkage institution means?

  2. Use linkage institution in a sentence:

  3. Describe an example of linkage institution in current events:

  4. Find an image of linkage institution:

Fun Fact



Linkage Institution: are informal groups that connect citizens to the government. They are not officially a part of the government, but are vital to maintaining democracy. These groups in American politics include the following: Political Parties, Campaigns + Elections, Interest Groups, and the Media.


There is some argument about which linkage institution does the best job of connecting citizens to the government, but it is clear that without the media, there would be a dangerous lack of knowledge of what the U.S. government is doing.


How Is The Shutdown Affecting America? Let Us Count The Ways


AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics



  1. Which linkage institution do you think pays the most vital role in preserving democracy?

  2. Why is Congress not considered a linkage institution?

  3. Do you feel like linkage institutions are more empowering to the citizens or to the government?

  4. If we lived in a direct democracy in a very small country would we need linkage institutions?

  5. Imagine a country without linkage institutions and evaluate the level of democracy that would be possible?

AP Studio Art

Now draw Linkage Institutions! Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.