Incumbent Reelection Rates

Diagnostic Class Starter!

Over the past half century, about what percent of incumbents* are reelected to Congress?

This is our first ever diagnostic class starter which means you can enter your answers in the google from below and then check your answers to see how you did. Or. if that all sounds like a little much, just answer the questions like usual!

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this data?

  3. What is the big story this chart tells?

  4. Why do you think that is?

  5. What is one consequence of this?

  6. How does this impact U.S. policy?

  7. Is this good news, bad news, neither, or both?

  8. Based on this chart alone, make one prediction about incumbents and the 2018 midterm elections:

  9. If you were to draw this chart twenty years into the future what would it look like:

  10. Have US incumbent reelection rates always been this high? (see bonus chart below.)

  11. Imagine a world where there were no incumbents (in other words, you were not allowed to run for reelection EVER) what would that political system look like and who would it empower?

  12. No matter what happens in the the next  election, the big winners will be incumbents. Who will the big losers be?

  13. List the top three reasons that incumbents win.

  14. Let's say that you wanted to take away some of these incumbent advantages, who would have to pass the laws to take away those advantages?

  15. In the most recent decades, presidents get reelected at about a 66% rate. Explain why the reelection rate of POTUSes is lower than that of Congress.

  16. Explain whether you believe our current president will be reelected:

  17. Explain whether you believe our current president should be reelected:

  18. If you like these class starters Click on the little heart at the bottom right hand side of this page and help me have a happy day!

  19. You must have a few questions about this chart. Write down a question that comes to mind:

  20. Based on the data, what assumptions would you make about the popularity of Congress today?

diagnostic Extension

Learning Extension

This is a meme about Congressional incumbents.

Screen Shot 2016-11-03 at 3.09.06 PM.png


Check out Pulitzer Prize winner Politifact's exploration of whether this meme is true.

Action Extension

Think about incumbents and why they win. Think about the Congressional incumbents who represent you (they could be Senators or members of the House). Do a little research on your own personal incumbent and decide whether you should vote for them or not. If you can vote, vote your conscience. If you can't vote, find someone who can and explain whether they should vote for the incumbent or not.

Visual Extension*

Hilarious Animals!

Screen Shot 2018-09-19 at 9.08.22 PM.png

What Happens in an Internet Minute? 2019

GoPo Pro

How many snaps are created every minute?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What's the most interesting fact from this infographic?

  3. What's the most disturbing fact from this infographic?

  4. What is the big story this infographic tells?

  5. In general, is this chart good or bad news?

  6. How does this internet minute most impact American politics?

  7. How does American politics most impact this internet minute?

  8. Explain which you think has more impact on your life: the U.S. government or the internet.

  9. A student named Jed looked at this data and said, “this is interesting, but it’s not politics.” How would you respond to that claim?

  10. Imagine their was an internet at the time of the Constitutional Convention. How would that have impacted our country’s founding?

  11. In Federalist No. 538, Alexander Hamilton wrote that “the interwebs will be the death of us all.” Do you believe Hamilton was right?

  12. What does your average internet minute look like?

  13. How does that most negatively impact you?

  14. What 2 questions do you have about an internet minute?

  15. Which of the companies/services from the infographic above do you use the most?

  16. Only one generation ago, there was no internet as we know it today. How do you think the internet has most profoundly changed your generation?

  17. How do you think an internet minute will be different in 10 years?

  18. What is the biggest change from 2016* (see below) to 2018 in what happens in an internet minute?

  19. How do you imagine this information impacted the 2016 presidential campaign and election?

  20. What is the biggest impact of the information from the infographic on how the U.S. government functions?

  21. Imagine the internet went down - for an entire year - describe the three biggest impacts that would have on your life.

  22. Imagine the internet went down - for an entire year - describe the three biggest impacts that would have on American politics.

Learning Extension

Check out the Teens Fact Sheet from the Pew Research Center about internet consumption by U.S. teenagers.


Action Extension

Did you know that offline, the average person will have 35 to 48 thoughts per minute? When you get home from school, take twenty minutes to be by yourself. Stay off the internet for the first 10 minutes. Notice how you feel. Pay attention to your thoughts and where they go. Notice every time you reach for your phone or computer. Be aware of the speed of time. Stop. Now go online for ten minutes. Notice how different these ten minutes were from ten spent offline. Share your results with friends or family or in class.

 

Visual Extension

2013

Our World In Data Extension

Speaking of the internet…

Monthly GoPoPro Student Subscription

Subscribe to GoPo Pro!

  • Wondering how you can prepare for the redesigned AP Exam?

Your GoPoPro Student Subscription will give you access to:

  • 537 class starters…and growing

  • All our landmark Supreme Court case inquiry learning modules

  • All our landmark Foundational Document inquiry learning modules

  • Games, games, games!

  • Reviews

  • All four FRQ workshops

  • Unit 1 Online multiple choice test & Key (with a brand-new unit test each month)

  • And more

Subscribe

Time To Vote

Midterm Turn Up!

GoPoPro

How did 2018 midterm election turnout compare to all other midterm elections over the past century?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How often do you get these predictions right, anyway?

  3. What most surprised you about this data?

  4. What question do you have about this data?

  5. How did 2018 midterm election turnout compare to all other midterm elections over the past century?

  6. Why do you think that is?

  7. What is a consequence of that?

  8. In general, how would you characterize midterm election turnout in the U.S.?

  9. Based on your knowledge of U.S. politics and U.S. history, how do you explain that?

  10. What usually happens to the party of the president when there is high midterm turnout?*

  11. If you had to bet, what do you think midterm voter turnout would look like over the next decade?

  12. What has been the average midterm turnout over the past century?

  13. How does midterm turnout compare to presidential election turnout?*

  14. How do you explain that difference?

  15. In the highest U.S. midterm election turnout of the whole entire century, less than half of the people who could have voted (Voting Eligible Population or VEP), did. How do you think that compares to other countries?*

  16. As the U.S. House has begun an impeachment inquiry this has energized the Republican and the Democratic base. How do you think this will impact voter turnout in 2020?

  17. What states have the highest voter turnout?*

  18. What was the percentage of voter turnout for 18-29 year-olds in the last midterm elections?*

Visual Extension*

voter_turnout.jpg
dAk1ydPR885wBC8F42CUDepBSZ3WUYhLzEztH_dBTnU.png
statistic_id999626_voter-turnout-by-state-in-the-us-midterm-election-2018.png
AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Screen Shot 2018-02-26 at 10.45.36 AM.png

Learning Extension

Read College Student Voting Doubled In 2018. What It Could Mean For 2020.

Action Extension

Register to vote!!!! In many states, you don't even have to be 18 to register, you just have to be 18 by election day: Tuesday, November 3, 2020.

Animal Extension

Screen Shot 2018-09-19 at 9.06.45 PM.png

Partisanship and Marriage

Of the following categories of marriage partners - transgender, gay, diferent party, different religion, or different race or ethnicity - Republicans would least like their kids to marry a transgender person. What would Democrats least like their kids to marry?

Screen Shot 2019-02-26 at 12.39.38 PM.png
  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What percent of Republicans would would be somewhat or very unhappy if their son or daughter married someone who is a supporter of the Democratic Party?

  3. What story does the chart tell?

  4. In general, how do members of the Democratic and Republican parties feel about the members of the other party?

  5. Why do you think that is?

  6. What is a consequence of this?

  7. How will this partisanship play out in the impeachment process?

  8. Do you believe Trump will be impeached by the House?

  9. Do you believe Trump will be impeached by the Senate?

  10. Describe one of the causes most responsible for the increasing partisan division in the U.S.*

  11. How would you answer the question about who you would be happy for your (hypothetical*) kids to marry?

  12. My wife’s mother and father were of different political parties. Do your parents come from the same political party?

  13. Would you marry someone of a different political party?

  14. Who can independents even marry these days???

  15. What question do you have about this chart?

  16. Is the information from this chart good news or bad?

  17. Overall, explain whether you think that Trump has brought America together or pulled it apart.

Visual Extension

Pluralism-figures-10.png

Learning Extension

Check out all the survey results from The Fate of Pluralism in a Divided Nation

Action Extension

Ask your parents the questions from the survey above and if they give you permission, share their answers in class or online.

190926_impeachment_fullwidth.png
Screen Shot 2019-08-30 at 12.54.22 PM.png

Subscribe to GoPo Pro!

  • Wondering how you can prepare for the redesigned AP Exam?

Your GoPoPro Student Subscription will give you access to:

  • 537 class starters…and growing

  • All our landmark Supreme Court case inquiry learning modules

  • All our landmark Foundational Document inquiry learning modules

  • Games, games, games!

  • Reviews

  • All four FRQ workshops

  • Unit 1 Online multiple choice test & Key (with a brand-new unit test each month)

  • And more

Subscribe

Impeach Season

As of Wednesday, September 25, 2019, what portion of the U.S. House of Representatives favored an impeachment inquiry of Trump?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What exactly is an impeachment inquiry and how does it differ from an impeachment?

  3. According to Article II, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution under what circumstances may a President be impeached?

  4. Why did the Framers of the Constitution write an impeachment process into Article II, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution?

  5. What U.S. presidents have been involved in an impeachment process?*

  6. Explain how impeachment relates to James Madison’s writing in Federalist No. 51, “the interior structure of the government as that its several constituent parts may, by their mutual relations, be the means of keeping each other in their proper places.”

  7. There are 435 voting members of the U.S. House of Representatives. How many of them are needed to impeach?

  8. Make a claim about the likelihood of impeachment that can be substantiated by the data in the chart above.

  9. What data that is NOT included in the chart above makes it hard to know whether Trump will be impeached?

  10. Make a claim about the likelihood of impeachment based on any one of the charts below*.

  11. There are 100 voting members in the U.S. Senate. How many of them are needed to impeach?

  12. Connect the dots between the chart above and checks and balances:

  13. Describe how political party polarization is present in the chart.

  14. Read the transcript of Trump’s phone call to Ukrainian President Zelensky and explain whether you would consider this worthy of impeachment under Article II, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution: “The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”

  15. Describe the argument the typical Democrat would make about why Trump should be impeached.

  16. Describe the argument the typical Republican would make about why Trump should be impeached.

  17. Explain which of those arguments is more persuasive to you.

  18. Explain which of those arguments you believe will be more persuasive to the American public.

  19. Explain whether Trump will be impeached by the House.

  20. Explain whether Trump will be impeached by the Senate.

  21. Explain whether impeachment will be good for America.

  22. if Trump is impeached by the house and the senate Do you believe that he would follow the constitution and willingly step down?

Visual Extension*

http _com.ft.imagepublish.upp-prod-us.s3.amazonaws.com_14c540b6-65e3-11e9-9adc-98bf1d35a056.png
silver-impeach-0924-1.png
FT_14.08.08_NixonResignation_2x.png
Impeachment.png

Learning Extension

Action Extension

Contact your U.S. House Member and share your opinion on impeachment. I just did.