Pronoun or Antinoun?

What portion of Americans say they personally know someone who prefers a pronoun other than ‘he’ or ‘she’?

  1. How surprised are you by this information?

  2. How accurate was your prediction?

  3. What story does the data tell?

  4. How do you explain the story these data tell?

  5. Explain one impact of this story on American politics.

  6. Is this story good news?

  7. How different do you think this data will be in one decade?

  8. How different do you think this data would have been if it had only been asked of high school students?

  9. Do you personally know someone who prefers a pronoun other than ‘he’ or ‘she’?

  10. My son is a high school sophomore, he says that at his high school, the pronoun question isn’t even a legitimate issue for hardly anyone, “Duh, Dad!” How different is his school from yours?

  11. Explain which current American politician would be the least-likely to use a gender-neutral pronoun.

  12. What question do you have about this information?

  13. It has been said that one of the strongest divides in the United States is between rural (red) and urban (blue) America. How divided is America in regards to pronoun usage?

  14. In the little-known Federalist No. 847, Alexander Hamilton wrote, “if a girl shall be named as a boy; and a boy shall be named as a girl, then the foundations of this mighty nations shall shudder.” What do you think he meant by this?

  15. I know some folks who are legitimately confused just by the idea of gender neutral pronouns. Generally, the older they are the more confused they are. Based on the data in the charts below* what generalization would you make about people who are opposed to the use of gender-neutral pronouns.*

  16. How does political party identification impact views on pronoun usage?*

  17. Which signer of the Constitution do you think would be most confused by the use of gender-neutral pronouns today?

  18. Does the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the use of gender neutral pronouns?

  19. Imagine that you wanted the 28th Amendment to prohibit gender neutral pronouns. What steps would you have to take to get that Amendment ratified?

  20. Explain what year America will elect our first gender-neutral pronoun-using president. (NOTUS?)

Visual Extension*

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Learning Extension

Read the Pew Research Center’s report on pronouns.

Action Extension

Find out which American politicians (if any) use gender-neutral pronouns when referring to themselves. Share your answer in class. This politician could be from the local, state, or national (go federalism) level. They could represent your area or not. Contact them and ask them to share something about their pronoun story with your classmates. Share your findings in class or online.

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Make Perception Great Again

AP U.S. Government and Politics

The average American thinks that over 40% of the population is foreign born. What percentage of the current U.S. population is actually foreign born? 

AP US Government and Politics

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does this stupid chart tell?

  3. How accurate is the average American's prediction?

  4. What are two reasons that explain such a big difference between reality and perception regarding immigrants?

  5. So???? What is a consequence of this difference between reality and perception?

  6. If the average American knew that about 10% of our population was foreign born, what is one government policy that might change?

  7. If the average American knew that about 10% of our population was foreign born, how do you think public opinion towards the Trump administration might change?

  8. Above all, what institutions are responsible for creating U.S. immigration policy?

  9. Above all, what institutions are responsible for enforcing U.S. immigration policy?

  10. How does American perception of immigration compare to that of other countries?

  11. What do you think accounts for this difference?

  12. What are some other policy areas where American perception and reality are equally divergent?

  13. What do you think Donald Trump would have to say about this information?

  14. Why do you think that about 10% of our population is foreign born, and how do you think this compares to U.S. historical levels of immigration?

  15. How do you think demographics and party affiliation impact the perception of foreign born population?

  16. Imagine that you wanted to reduce the % of foreign born population in the U.S. What is one thing the government could do?

Learning Extension

Listen to this groovy NPR report: How America's Idea of Illegal Immigration Doesn't Always Match Reality

Action Extension

Contact your Congressperson and share your opinion about the percentage of U.S. population that is foreign born, and one suggestion of what they could do about it.

Visual Learning Extension

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In Debt We Trust

GoPoPro

Over the past decade, what has happened to the U.S. government’s public debt?

Statistic: Public debt of the United States from 1990 to 2018* (in billion U.S. dollars) | Statista
Find more statistics at Statista
  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What is the current U.S. public debt in total dollars (top chart)?

  3. What is the current U.S. public debt as a percent of GDP (second chart)?

  4. Identify one trend in the top chart?

  5. Explain one cause of that trend.

  6. Describe one consequence of that trend?

  7. Explain whether this trend is good or bad news.

  8. Look at the second chart. Superimpose the names of the US presidents, their years in office, and their political party on this chart. Does a president’s political party impact the rate of debt during their time in office?

  9. Americans have different political ideologies, beliefs, and values. What would the typical American conservative say about a government that spends so much more than it takes in?

  10. To make the debt go down governments need to spend less (budgetary expenditures) than they take in (tax). Imagine you were a politician who wanted to eliminate our debt and advocated spending less (cutting government programs) and taxing more (increasing how much citizens pay the government in taxes). How would your economic goal impact your reelection chances?

  11. Why does American public debt keep rising?

  12. At the same time as the U.S. debt goes up, what is going down?

  13. Write the entire U.S. public debt number out (in other words, turn the trillions into zeroes):

  14. In the entire word there are 7 billion people; 6500 spoken languages, and about 400 billion birds. Name anything in the world that there are more than 22 trillion of:

  15. How does U.S. public debt compare to the rest of the world?*

  16. Who owns the U.S. public debt?*

  17. What role does the U.S. Congress have in the US debt?

  18. What role does the POTUS have in the US debt?

  19. President Trump signed the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, reducing U.S. tax revenue. 83 percent of the tax breaks from this bill go to the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans. How will these huge tax cuts impact the U.S. debt?

  20. Based on your knowledge of American politics, why would the President give such a large tax cut during a time of dramatically increasing American debt?

  21. How old will you be in 2050?

  22. If you were to look at the overall trend of this chart, predict what the chart will look like in 2050.*

Visual Extension*

Statistic: The 20 countries with the highest public debt in 2017 in relation to the gross domestic product (GDP) | Statista
Find more statistics at Statista
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Statistic: Forecast of the gross federal debt of the United States for fiscal years 2018 to 2029 (in billion U.S. dollars) | Statista
Find more statistics at Statista

Learning Extension

Freak yourself out and check out the US debt clock. You’ll love it! Check back in weekly and see how it has grown!

Action Extension

Contact the POTUS or your Congressional Representatives and let your voice be heard about the U.S. debt.

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Millennial Political Efficacy

AP U.S. Government and Politics

What percent of Millennials (age 23-38) feel like they have a high level of political efficacy?

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What is the big story this data tells?

  3. About 2/3 or American Millennials think they can make a difference in politics. Do you think they are right?

  4. Why do you think Millenials feel this way?

  5. What is a consequence of this relatively high level of political efficacy?

  6. If you are reading this, most likely, you are a member of Generation Z (age 7-22). In your opinion, how different are Generation Z and the Millennial Generation in terms of their feelings of political efficacy?

  7. How much do you think levels of political efficacy vary by state?

  8. How different do you think levels of political efficacy would be in an autocratic state?

  9. Is a high level of citizen political efficacy good for incumbents?

  10. Do you personally think that, "By participating in politics, I can make a difference?"

  11. How does race impact Millennial’s views on political efficacy?*

  12. How does education impact Millennial’s views on political efficacy?*

  13. How do you think Millennials feel about the POTUS and why do you think that is?*

  14. Asian Americans Millennials feel like they have a much higher level of political efficacy than any other American ethnic groups. Why do you think this is?

  15. What is the most surprising fact from this data?

  16. What question do you have about this data?

  17. If a person thinks they don’t have political efficacy and thus takes no political action are they correct about their political efficacy?

  18. Who is the most politically efficacious person you know (this does not have to directly relate to national government or even state government, it might be someone who just gets stuff done around your community)?

  19. The United States is a federal system. Explain whether, in general, people in federal, confederal, or unitary systems have more political efficacy.

  20. What are some features of the American political system which generally limit political efficacy?

  21. Describe some features of the American political system which generally increase political efficacy.

  22. The Framers of the Constitution never once used the word democracy in the U.S. Constitution. Based on your knowledge of the political system the Framers created, make a claim explaining whether the Framers intend for citizens to feel a high level of political efficacy.

Visual Extension*

AP U.S. Government and Politics

AP U.S. Government and Politics

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..."and make a difference."     AP U.S. Government and Politics

..."and make a difference."

AP U.S. Government and Politics

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Learning Extension

Check out the entire NBC News poll on Millennials and politics.

Action Extension

Poll ten of your schoolmates about their feelings of political efficacy. Share your results in class or online in the comments section below:

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Our World In Data Extension

Our Animals In Clothing Extension

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