Nationalism So White

What percent of Americans see white nationalism as a “somewhat” or “very” serious threat?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does the data tell?

  3. Make a claim that can be substantiated by the data in the chart:

  4. How surprised are you by this data?

  5. What trend do you see in the data?

  6. Describe the difference between Democrats and Republicans about whether white nationalism is a threat:

  7. What do you think best explains this difference?

  8. Explain how the racial demographics of the Democratic and Republican party impact this difference about whether white nationalism is a threat.*

  9. What is one consequence of this party difference regarding the threat of white nationalism?

  10. What impact do you think the current President has had on this data?

  11. In your opinion, how much of a threat is white nationalism?

  12. What is the difference between white nationalism and racism?

  13. According to the most recent HuffPost/YouGov poll, 77 percent of Democrats think Trump supports white nationalism, but only 10 percent of Republicans agree. What do you think?

  14. Based on this and the 52 point difference in party opinion on the severity of white nationalism in the chart above, my student Frederick argued that it would be fair to say that we live in two different countries. Make a claim about whether America has become two different countries.

  15. What impact does the news media have on the large differences in opinion?

  16. Democratic politicians, including many of the 2020 contenders, have called the president a “white nationalist” and a “white supremacist,” and have been outspoken in saying that Trump’s rhetoric incites violence. Explain whether you think this will be a successful electoral strategy.

  17. According to a survey from the Pew Research Center conducted in May — prior to the El Paso attack — large majorities of both Democrats and Republicans said that when elected officials use “heated or aggressive language” to talk about certain people or groups, it makes violence against those people more likely. A majority of respondents from both parties also agreed that politicians should avoid “heated language” because they think it could encourage violence. do you think the President avoids heated language?

  18. Do you think the President should avoid heated language?

  19. In 2017, after the Unit The Right white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, President Trump held a press conference defending white nationalists saying they included “some very fine people,” and that “You also had some very fine people on both sides.” Were you surprised to hear the President of the United States refer to white nationalists as “very fine people”?

  20. In 1776, when Thomas Jefferson wrote the immortal lines of the Declaration of Independence, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” there were more than 500,000 Black Americans were enslaved, and Thomas Jefferson, himself, enslaved over 100 humans. How does that history impact race relations in America today?

  21. What part of the federal government would most likely be tasked with protecting the United States against white nationalism?

Visual Extension*


Learning Extension

Check out the Southern Poverty Law Center’s interactive Map of Hate in the U.S. and see where hate lives in your state.

Action Extension

Contact the President or a top Democratic candidate for President and tell them what you think they should do about white nationalism.






AP Studio Art

Now draw what you have learned about the difference in perception of the threat of white nationalism. Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

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American Race

Whites are no longer the majority racial group in California. In what year will Whites cease to be the majority racial group in the entire US?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What's the big story this chart tells?

  3. Are these changes good news or bad news?

  4. In what way are the changes expressed in the chart reflected in your own life?

  5. What questions do you have about this chart?

  6. Make a prediction for what this chart will look like in 2080 America (if there is a 2080 America):

  7. What do you think is causing the changes reflected in the chart?

  8. What are some consequences of the changes reflected in the chart?

  9. How do you think the demographic changes reflected in this chart impacted the 2016 election?

  10. In the comments section, write about how the changes reflected in the chart are affecting politics in the US today.

Learning Extension

Check out these 10 charts on the changing face of America.

Action Extension

Find out the demographics of your county or city and make a comparison of your local data with the national data. Make a post comparing your hometown to the nation at large on social media with the hashtag #changingamerica


How different are incarceration rates for Blacks and Whites in the US?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How accurate do you think the average American would be?

  3. How surprising is this information?

  4. What is the take-home point of this chart?

  5. List two consequences of this huge disparity in incarceration rates for different races:

  6. What questions do you have about this?

  7. Why do you think there is such a huge disparity in incarceration rate for different races?

  8. Explain why these racial disparities in incarceration are not a bigger issue in the 2016 election or in American society, in general?

  9. Explain whether you think this chart is good or bad news:

  10. If you were to rename this chart, what would a good title be? Write the new title in the comments section below:

  11. What steps could the US government take to change these numbers?

  12. Prediction: What percent chance does a black male born in 1991 have of spending time in prison at some point in his life?*

Learning Extension

Here's a really cool interactive map from the Sentencing Project where you can find out more about your state's statistics on incarceration. One of the best works of non-fiction I've read in years is Michelle Alexander's inspiring The New Jim Crow, Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, part of which you can read for free on Google Books.

Action Extension

Share this information with friends and family, in person or on social media. Find out what they think about this (is it good, bad, changeable?) and share their responses with class.

Bonus Chart

Here's another way of looking at this information:

*A Black male born in 1991 has a 29% chance of spending time in prison at some point in his life.

Racing for Votes

AP US Government and Politics

When an area is over 85% White, how does that affect support for Trump?

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  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does this chart tell?

  3. Why is that?

  4. What is a consequence of this.

  5. How much did race impact the 2016 election?

  6. This chart comes from a New York Times article by Thomas Edsall. Here is a quote from the article: Dravosburg, Pa. is a small — population 1,746 — working-class suburb that lies along the Monongahela River 10 miles southeast of Pittsburgh. If we want to understand what actually propelled Donald Trump to victory last November, presidential voting patterns there provide a vital clue. In 2012, Dravosburg backed Barack Obama over Mitt Romney 441 to 312, or 53.4 percent to 44.8 percent. Four years later, the men and women of Dravosburg abandoned their Democratic loyalties and backed Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton, 56.3 to 41.1. In that light, look more closely at Dravosburg. In 2000, according to the United States Census Bureau, 1,989 out of 2,015 residents — 98.7 percent — were white; 10 were black; and 12 were Hispanic. By 2016, the census reported, the total population had fallen to 1,746 — 95.4 percent of them white. The number of blacks and Hispanics, still tiny, had grown rapidly, however, to 39 (a 290 percent increase), and to 25 (a 108 percent increase). What does this excerpt of the story mean to you?

  7. And how did this demographic change impact the election in Davosborg and other White super-majority enclaves?

  8. There have been studies showing that Americans who live in close proximity to diverse America (immigrants, refugees,  Muslims, etc.) have little fear of these groups, whereas people who live farther away from these groups feared them the most. Here;s a quote from Thomas Edsall, the author of the article this data comes from. "Put another way, anger, fear and animosity toward immigrants and minorities was most politically potent in the communities most insulated from these supposed threats." Why do you think that is?

  9. How much do you think fear drives politics?

  10. Had Donald Trump not been specifically racist and anti-immigrant do you think he would have won white enclaves like Dravosborg in the 2016 election?

  11. What specific rhetoric from the Trump campaign would the people of Dravosborg been especially excited about?

  12. What specific policy promises from the Trump campaign would the people of Dravosborg been especially excited about?

  13. How do you think residents of places like Dravosborg currently evaluate the success of President Trump in enacting the rhetoric or policy promises from the campaign?

  14. Explain whether many people in Dravosborg and Elks County have read this article by Thomas Edsall or regualrly read the New York Times?

  15. Do you think the folks from Dravosborg and Elks County will vote for Trump again in 2020?

  16. In 2012, Dravosburg backed Barack Obama over Mitt Romney 441 to 312, or 53.4 percent to 44.8 percent. Why do you think the residents of Dravosburg voted for Obama? And why did they like Trump more than Romney?

  17. Did you know that Mitt Romney, Republican candidate for President in 2012 got more votes than Trump got in 2016? I did. Here's how many more votes he got: Trump won 45.93 percent of the total vote last year, 1.2 percentage points less than Romney’s 47.1 percent in 2012. How could Trump have done worse than Romney and also won the election?

  18. If all these super-white enclaves were in super-Republican states like Idaho it would not have mattered as much. What do you think happened in super-White enclaves in swing states?*

  19. Given the racism and xenophobia of places like Dravosborg, explain whether you believe Democrats could possibly defeat Trump in 2020?

  20. Edsall writes, "The core of Trump’s support lies in counties and municipalities like Dravosburg and Elk County, many of which are losing population. They are, in effect, the last gasp of white hegemony." Do you think he's right or will white hegemony continue in America?

Learning Extension

Read Edsall's White-On-White Voting story.

Action Extension

Do one of the following.

Try to make a connection to someone who lives in a place like Dravosburg or Elk County, mostly separate from the growing diversification of America, and explain to them how diversity has impacted your life.

Have you ever integrated a 85% plus white area? Share your story in class or online.

Make a comment on the comments section of the Thomas Edsall article. Share your comment in class or online.

Bonus Chart*

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Bonus Caption Contest

Look at the photograph below. Imagine a thought bubble above the baby in Trump's arms. What's the baby thinking? "Goodnight White Hegemony!" "I see White People!" or something like that. Or get super creative and make the thought bubble coming out of President Trump's head. Share your comment in the comments section below. The best comment will win a certificate of commendation and widespread praise on this website!

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White like Congress

What nonwhite race/ethnicity has the most members in the current U.S. House and Senate?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this information?

  3. What has been the biggest change in nonwhite Congressional makeup over the past 16 years?

  4. When the 79th Congress took office in 1945, nonwhites represented just 1% of the House and Senate. Today, 19% of Congress is nonwhite. Why do you think Congress is becoming more diverse than it once was?

  5. What is one consequence of the nonwhiting (growing diversity) of Congress?

  6. There are more Hispanics than Blacks in America today, yet there are more Black members of Congress than there are Hispanic members of Congress. Why do you think that is?*

  7. Which racial/ethnic group (including Whites) is the most over represented in Congress?*

  8. Which racial/ethnic group (including Whites) is the most underrepresented in Congress?*

  9. Racial diversity differs significantly by chamber: The House is 22% nonwhite, while minorities make up 10% of the Senate. Explain this difference in less than 708 words:

  10. Which emoji would best express your feelings about of this chart?

  11. Let's say you wanted to make a title for this chart. What would it be?

  12. The current Congress is the most racially and ethnically diverse ever. Nonwhites – including blacks, Hispanics, Asians/Pacific Islanders and Native Americans – now account for 19% of Congress (and 34% of its freshman class). Predict how diverse  Congress will be in 20 years:

  13. Explain which Congress was more likely to represent the interests of nonwhite America: the 79th Congress (1% nonwhite) or the 115th Congress (19% nonwhite):

  14. How do you think the nonwhiting of the Congress is impacting party control of Congress?

  15. While racial diversity on Capitol Hill has been growing, Congress still lags behind the nation as a whole, which is 38% nonwhite – twice the share of Congress. Why do you think the Congress does not look like the US in terms of race/ethnicity?

  16. In what other demographic way (race, sex, religion, age) is Congress most unlike America?

  17. How much have demographic changes in the American public impacted the rise of Trump and White supremacy?

Bonus Charts*


Learning Extension

Check out these 5 charts from the Pew Report on the changing demographics of the 115th Congress!

Action Extension

Research the racial makeup of your U.S. House district and of your state. Research the racial makeup of your U.S. Senators and your U.S. House representative. Share your results in class or in the comments section below.