Stale, Pale, and Male

GoPoPro

At the beginning of his administration, what percentage of Donald Trump’s cabinet was White?

  1. What story does this chart tell?

  2. Describe how Trump’s cabinet is demographically different from Obama’s?

  3. Describe how Trump’s cabinet is demographically different from the American population?

  4. Describe how Trump’s cabinet is demographically different from the Republican Party?

  5. Why do you think Trump’s cabinet looks like it does demographically?

  6. What is one political consequence of a cabinet so monochromatic, old, and male?

  7. Established in Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, the Cabinet’s role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member’s respective office. What can the president do if he does not like the work of a member of his cabinet?

  8. According to Article I of the U.S. Constitution, what is the role of the U.S. Senate regarding the cabinet.

  9. What does the cabinet actually do?

  10. Let’s say an American citizen did not like a member of the cabinet. What is one political action they could take to try to change the cabinet?

  11. How likely do you think that would be to work?

  12. Let’s say the Speaker of the House of Representatives did not like a member of the cabinet. What is one political action they could take to try to change the cabinet?

  13. And how likely do you think that would be to work?

  14. The chart above describes Trump’s cabinet from 2017. Describe how his cabinet has changed since then.*

  15. In what way does the Trump cabinet look like, and not look like you?

  16. Make a claim about whether it matters whether a governing body (cabinet, legislature, city council) is demographically representative of their constituents (the people they represent).

  17. George Washington’s first cabinet had only four members: one of who later became president, and one of whom later went on to star in a Broadway musical named after him. Can you name any of Washington’s cabinet members?

  18. Name as many member of the Trump cabinet as you can without looking. In the comments section, list the number of cabinet members you got right.

Visual Extension*

999b91bfebc0701e5462bab2cc363b62.png
Trump’s cabinet as of January 2019

Trump’s cabinet as of January 2019

3glu3yoosvj11.png
20190817_WWC581.png
Monthly GoPoPro Student Subscription
5.00 every month 9.00 every month

Subscribe to GoPo Pro!

  • Wondering how you can prepare for the redesigned AP Exam?

Your GoPoPro Student Subscription will give you access to:

  • 537 class starters…and growing

  • All our landmark Supreme Court case inquiry learning modules

  • All our landmark Foundational Document inquiry learning modules

  • Games, games, games!

  • Reviews

  • All four FRQ workshops

  • Unit 1 Online multiple choice test & Kay (with a brand-new unit test each month)

  • And more

Subscribe

Unpopular Sovereignty

How many times in American history did the person who lost the popular vote get elected president?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does the chart tell?

  3. What person who won the presidency lost the popular vote by the largest margin?

  4. What president won the popular vote by the largest margin?

  5. Does the person who lost the popular vote but won the presidency usually win reelection?

  6. Democracy means rule by the people. By the people, we mean the majority (most) or plurality (more) of the people. If one out of nine presidents are elected without wining the majority or plurality of the popular vote what does that tell us about American democracy?

  7. Explain how the popular vote loser can be the winner in American presidential campaigns?

  8. Explain whether U.S. congressional elections are more or less democratic than U.S. presidential elections.

  9. Describe one consequence of the fact that one of nine American presidents lost the popular vote?

  10. Imagine you played a pick-up basketball game and at the end of the game the team with the most points ended up losing. (Would you keep playing?) Explain how unpopular sovereignty (the loser winning) impacts voter turnout.

  11. The Framers of our nation did not once use the word democracy in the Constitution. They also built the electoral system that produces unpopular sovereigns (presidents who lost). What do you imagine the framers would think about the results of the 2016 election?

  12. Explain the impact of losing the popular vote but winning the presidency on the legitimacy and the rule of that president?

  13. Describe how losing the popular vote has impacted the Trump presidency.

  14. Based on the chart and your knowledge of American politics, do you anticipate that Donald Trump will win reelection (either with a majority or not)?

  15. How will the fact that the popular vote loser can win the presidency impact the 2020 presidential campaign?

  16. Explain whether you believe the United States should create a system to ensure that the winner of the popular vote wins the presidency.

Visual Extension


Learning Extension

Read about The National Popular Vote Plan, a voting method that would insure that the winner of the popular vote was always elected president.

Action Extension

Contact your state legislators to share your thoughts about the The National Popular Vote Plan.

FT_19.08.09_SchoolStartDates_1_2.png
EB8xFW3XkAYAl-R.jpg
Monthly GoPoPro Student Subscription
5.00 every month 9.00 every month

Subscribe to GoPo Pro!

  • Wondering how you can prepare for the redesigned AP Exam?

Your GoPoPro Student Subscription will give you access to:

  • 537 class starters…and growing

  • All our landmark Supreme Court case inquiry learning modules

  • All our landmark Foundational Document inquiry learning modules

  • Games, games, games!

  • Reviews

  • All four FRQ workshops

  • Unit 1 Online multiple choice test & Kay (with a brand-new unit test each month)

  • And more

Subscribe
kentucky.jpg

Madam POTUS

GoPo Pro

What percent of Americans would be willing to vote for a woman for president?

  1. What story does this chart tell?

  2. Identify one trend from the chart.

  3. Explain one reason for this trend.

  4. What is one consequence of the trend?

  5. How many times has one of the two major American political parties run a woman for president?

  6. Make a claim about how likely a woman (this could be a general claim or a focused claim about a specific candidate) is to win the presidency in the 2020 election.

  7. Explain whether this chart is good or bad news.

  8. If your party nominated a generally well-qualified person for president who happened to be a woman, would you vote for that person?

  9. Describe how you think party affiliation, gender, and age would impact how voters would respond to this question.

  10. If your party nominated a generally well-qualified person for president who happened to be a man, would you vote for that person?

  11. Six percent of American voters automatically disqualify any female presidential candidates. What percent of Americans do you believe would automatically disqualify a male presidential candidate?

  12. Given the data in the chart, a male presidential candidate would be starting off with a six point head start over any female candidate. Explain whether tha alone is reason enough for a political party to automatically reject any female candidate.

  13. Given the fact that according to many polls Elizabeth Warren is now in first or second place among Democratic presidential candidates, and given the data from the poll above, make a claim about whether the Democratic Party should try to stop Warren (a female) from being their presidential nominee?

  14. How much do you think the sex of the Democratic presidential nominee impacted the 2016 presidential election?

  15. How much do you think the sex of the Democratic presidential nominee will impact the 2020 presidential election?

  16. How do you think the sex of the Democratic presidential candidate will impact the strategy of the Trump reelection campaign?

  17. If you think a woman could ever win the American presidency, in what year do you predict that will first happen?

  18. Explain why we have had an African-American (or more accurately, a mixed-race) president and not a female president.

  19. Explain what it is about the ideological and demographic makeup of the Republican and Democratic parties which explains why the Republicans have never nominated a female for president, while the 2016 Democratic Presidential nominee was a woman, and two of their leading 2020 Presidential candidates are females.

  20. What does the Declaration of Independence say about equality?

  21. What does the U.S. Constitution say about women running for office or voting?

  22. Amendment XIX gave all American women the right to vote on August 18, 1920. That was less than 100 years ago. Do you think it is surprising that a woman would has not won the presidency since this Amendment is less than a century old?

Visual Extension

augsw665yeaakyfardk0bg.png
a_kqm2jzh0myu55zo6v7-w.png
elcshpoea0svek7qflnaxq.png
Favorability-Fictional-Characters-And-Politicians.png

Gallup report on how demographics like religion, race, and gender affect a candidate’s electability.

20030617b_3.gif

Learning Extension

Read this great Vox story: Women candidates are constantly asked about their electability. Here are 5 reasons that’s misguided.

Action Extension

In a quartet, trio, or pair enter into a respectful discussion about why a woman has never been president and whether a woman ever will win the U.S. presidency. Before you share your opinion, listen both carefully and actively to your partners as they share their opinions. Repeat a summary of their comments back to them when they are done. Share the results of your conversation in class tomorrow.

Build a Candidate

AP US Government and Politics

According to polls, which of the following traits would be the biggest liability for a US presidential candidate: past marijuana use, being gay or lesbian, Mormon, Muslim, or atheist?

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprising was the information in the chart?

  3. How will this information be different for the 2028 election?

  4. Explain whether this information is good news.

  5. Consider all the traits in the chart and evaluate whether each trait would make your vote for a candidate more likely, less likely, or wouldn't matter:

  6. How different was your evaluation of presidential traits from that of the average American's?

  7. What questions do you have about the chart?

  8. The 2016 election was certainly a surprise for a lot of people. How much did the outcome of the 2016 election deviate from what your would expect based on the data in the chart?

  9. How much do you think that the election of Donald Trump (outsider, non-religious, had financial troubles, had affairs, etc.) will impact  the type of future Democratic or Republican candidates who run for office?

  10. List two generalizations you can make about American presidential trait preferences from the information in the chart:

  11. Do you think that the fact that presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg is a homosexual will hurt his chances to be president more than the fact that he is only 37?

  12. In the comments section, using the information from the chart, create an extremely unelectable presidential candidate:

Visual Extension

FT_Presidential_Traits.png
President.jpg

Action Extension

Do one of the following:

  1. Contact the Democratic National Party or the Republican National Party and give them five pieces of advice on nominating a presidential candidate based on the information in the chart:

  2. Write a letter to the American people telling them what they are wrong about regarding their desired traits for presidential candidates. Post it on social media or send it to your local newspaper (if you still have one).

  3. Make a poster or flyer or video advertisement for the unelectable presidential candidate you created in question 9 above.

Learning Extension

Read the entire Pew report on presidential candidate traits.

Our World In Data Extension

!

Our Animals in Drag Extension

18C981A5-9075-4056-BBD1-DEEF9B7F3F67-2216-000001C38FC9A30B.JPG

Approval Ratings

AP U.S. Government and Politics

Every Day is Presidents Day in GoPo

What president has had the highest approval rating since 1946?

Driven By Data    AP US Government and Politics

Driven By Data

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does this chart tell?

  3. What do you think causes presidential approval ratings to generally decline over a presidential term?

  4. Which president had the steepest decline of approval ratings?

  5. Which president had the biggest increase in their approval ratings?

  6. Describe Trump’s approval ratings in comparrison with the other presidents from the chart.

  7. How have rally points impacted recent presidential approval ratings?

  8. Think about how history will impact the future public’s opinion of all the presidents listed in the chart. In other words, 50 years from now, how will we regard these presidents? (That, is will we like each president more or less in the future???)

  9. How do you imagine that falling approval ratings affect the ability of presidents to govern?

  10. How do presidential approval ratings impact midterm elections?

  11. How do presidential approval ratings impact presidential elections?

  12. If you were to add POTUS Trump since his first year in office to this chart what would his approval numbers look like?

  13. What does this chart tell us about the American public?

  14. Describe the economic factors that impact presidential approval ratings.*

  15. What does the chart tell us about political polarization?

  16. They didn’t exactly have polling back then, but what do you imagine George Washington’s approval ratings would have been?

  17. What about Lincoln (think hard)?

  18. Write one question you have about this information:

  19. How do you celebrate Presidents' Day?

  20. In Federalist No. 70, Alexander Freaking Hamilton argues for a strong executive leader, as provided for by the Constitution, as opposed to the weak executive under the Articles of Confederation. He asserts, “energy in the executive is the leading character in the definition of good government. What do you think Hamilton would think about approval ratings and their impact on presidential power?

  21. Explain why Trump’s approval ratings do NOT deviate that much over time. What impact do his static ratings numbers have on American politics.

  22. In the comments section way below, if you were elected president, what would be one thing you could do to immediately improve your approval rating, and what is one thing you could do to make your approval ratings immediately tank?

Visual Extension*

FT_16.01.06_presApproval_hi_lo.png
FT_16.01.06_presApproval.png
DOw.png
htqo_jpw502bwff_yrae5a.gif

Learning Extension

Check out these Presidential Approval Ratings charts and story from the Pew Research Center. Or follow the daily interactive Trump approval ratings tracker from FiveThirtyEight.

Action Extension

Go to this interactive Wall Street Journal presidential approval ratings chart. Scroll through each president to see their approval ratings, and the inflection points where their approval went up or down. What generally causes approval ratings to fall and what usually causes approval ratings to go up? Contact POTUS Trump with one piece of advice about improving his approval ratings.

Our World In Data Extension

Our Animals in Clothing Extension

E6B13E19-5755-4FE5-948C-79A3E55A517B-2216-000001C2B375174C.JPG

Our Test Prep in Downloading Extension

HIGH FIVE - STUDENT TEST PREP - DIGITAL DOWNLOAD

The Ultimate Student Test Prep. Prepare for the AP® US Government and Politics Exam from home! Download your own DIGITAL TEST REVIEW BOOK - RIGHT NOW! Tons of great review material for all 5 units! FRQ workshops with practice questions for all 4 FRQs. 50 BRAND NEW AP® exam-ready multiple choice questions with test key. Get Your Review On!