Nationalism So White

What percent of Americans see white nationalism as a “somewhat” or “very” serious threat?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does the data tell?

  3. Make a claim that can be substantiated by the data in the chart:

  4. How surprised are you by this data?

  5. What trend do you see in the data?

  6. Describe the difference between Democrats and Republicans about whether white nationalism is a threat:

  7. What do you think best explains this difference?

  8. Explain how the racial demographics of the Democratic and Republican party impact this difference about whether white nationalism is a threat.*

  9. What is one consequence of this party difference regarding the threat of white nationalism?

  10. What impact do you think the current President has had on this data?

  11. In your opinion, how much of a threat is white nationalism?

  12. What is the difference between white nationalism and racism?

  13. According to the most recent HuffPost/YouGov poll, 77 percent of Democrats think Trump supports white nationalism, but only 10 percent of Republicans agree. What do you think?

  14. Based on this and the 52 point difference in party opinion on the severity of white nationalism in the chart above, my student Frederick argued that it would be fair to say that we live in two different countries. Make a claim about whether America has become two different countries.

  15. What impact does the news media have on the large differences in opinion?

  16. Democratic politicians, including many of the 2020 contenders, have called the president a “white nationalist” and a “white supremacist,” and have been outspoken in saying that Trump’s rhetoric incites violence. Explain whether you think this will be a successful electoral strategy.

  17. According to a survey from the Pew Research Center conducted in May — prior to the El Paso attack — large majorities of both Democrats and Republicans said that when elected officials use “heated or aggressive language” to talk about certain people or groups, it makes violence against those people more likely. A majority of respondents from both parties also agreed that politicians should avoid “heated language” because they think it could encourage violence. do you think the President avoids heated language?

  18. Do you think the President should avoid heated language?

  19. In 2017, after the Unit The Right white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, President Trump held a press conference defending white nationalists saying they included “some very fine people,” and that “You also had some very fine people on both sides.” Were you surprised to hear the President of the United States refer to white nationalists as “very fine people”?

  20. In 1776, when Thomas Jefferson wrote the immortal lines of the Declaration of Independence, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” there were more than 500,000 Black Americans were enslaved, and Thomas Jefferson, himself, enslaved over 100 humans. How does that history impact race relations in America today?

  21. What part of the federal government would most likely be tasked with protecting the United States against white nationalism?

Visual Extension*

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Learning Extension

Check out the Southern Poverty Law Center’s interactive Map of Hate in the U.S. and see where hate lives in your state.

Action Extension

Contact the President or a top Democratic candidate for President and tell them what you think they should do about white nationalism.

Trump

Biden

Warren

Sanders

Harris

AP Studio Art

Now draw what you have learned about the difference in perception of the threat of white nationalism. Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

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American Religion or Religinone?

GOPOPRO

What percent of Americans identify their religious preference as having no religion?

  1. How accurate was your weak prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this data?

  3. How surprising would this data be to the average Americans?

  4. Describe the trend since 1948 in Americans who identify their religious preference a “none”?

  5. What is your best explanation for that trend?

  6. In what way has that trend had the biggest impact on American politics?

  7. Explain whether this trend is good news for America.

  8. Use the data from the chart to make a claim that can be substantiated (backed up) by the data:

  9. A student named Wolfgang looked at this data and said to his class that “America is clearly becoming a less Christian nation.” Explain whether you agree with Wolfgang.

  10. If current trends continue, in what year will non-religious Americans be the largest “religious” group (plurality)?

  11. The Democratic presidential candidate who is most outspoken about his religion, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, is gay. How confusing is that to most Americans?

  12. Do you think most religious Americans will vote for Pete Buttigieg because he, like them, is so religious?

  13. POTUS Trump is clearly a non-religious person, yet many Christians are extremely devoted to his presidency. How do you explain that?

  14. Describe the impact you think religion will have on the 2020 election.

  15. Would it be fair to describe a very devoted non-religious female who lived in a non-religious convent as a “none-nun”?

  16. What state do you think is the least religious?*

  17. How do you think a state’s religiosity relates to its political affiliation?*

  18. Around the time of the Revolutionary War only 17 percent of the total American population belonged to a church congregation. How surprising is that information?

Visual Extension*

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Learning Extension

Read the Pew Report on America’s Changing Religious Landscape

Action Extension

Share any of the data on American religion on social media and describe the reaction in class or online.

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Pronoun or Antinoun?

What portion of Americans say they personally know someone who prefers a pronoun other than ‘he’ or ‘she’?

  1. How surprised are you by this information?

  2. How accurate was your prediction?

  3. What story does the data tell?

  4. How do you explain the story these data tell?

  5. Explain one impact of this story on American politics.

  6. Is this story good news?

  7. How different do you think this data will be in one decade?

  8. How different do you think this data would have been if it had only been asked of high school students?

  9. Do you personally know someone who prefers a pronoun other than ‘he’ or ‘she’?

  10. My son is a high school sophomore, he says that at his high school, the pronoun question isn’t even a legitimate issue for hardly anyone, “Duh, Dad!” How different is his school from yours?

  11. Explain which current American politician would be the least-likely to use a gender-neutral pronoun.

  12. What question do you have about this information?

  13. It has been said that one of the strongest divides in the United States is between rural (red) and urban (blue) America. How divided is America in regards to pronoun usage?

  14. In the little-known Federalist No. 847, Alexander Hamilton wrote, “if a girl shall be named as a boy; and a boy shall be named as a girl, then the foundations of this mighty nations shall shudder.” What do you think he meant by this?

  15. I know some folks who are legitimately confused just by the idea of gender neutral pronouns. Generally, the older they are the more confused they are. Based on the data in the charts below* what generalization would you make about people who are opposed to the use of gender-neutral pronouns.*

  16. How does political party identification impact views on pronoun usage?*

  17. Which signer of the Constitution do you think would be most confused by the use of gender-neutral pronouns today?

  18. Does the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the use of gender neutral pronouns?

  19. Imagine that you wanted the 28th Amendment to prohibit gender neutral pronouns. What steps would you have to take to get that Amendment ratified?

  20. Explain what year America will elect our first gender-neutral pronoun-using president. (NOTUS?)

Visual Extension*

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Learning Extension

Read the Pew Research Center’s report on pronouns.

Action Extension

Find out which American politicians (if any) use gender-neutral pronouns when referring to themselves. Share your answer in class. This politician could be from the local, state, or national (go federalism) level. They could represent your area or not. Contact them and ask them to share something about their pronoun story with your classmates. Share your findings in class or online.

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The ________ Branches of Government

AP Government and Politics

What portion of Americans can correctly identify the three branches of government?

  1. How wildly inaccurate was your prediction?

  2. How sad is that information, tho?

  3. If you knew a person who could not name the three branches of government would you let them still be your friend? And what would you think of them?

  4. 1/3 of all the Americans surveyed could not name a single branch. WHAT THE WHAT?

  5. Can you name all three branches?

  6. Can you name all four? (j/k)

  7. What is the big story this data tells?

  8. If you had to list the top causes that explain the results of this survey what would you list as the top three:

  9. What is one consequence of this level of knowledge of the U.S. Government?

  10. If the average Democrat and Republican were shown the information above and asked to comment on it, how different would their responses be?

  11. Is this information good news for Donald Trump or bad news?

  12. Is there any connection between this information and the 2016 election? Share your answer to this question in the comments section below!

  13. Hey, smarty pants. Why do we have three branches of government anyway?

  14. In Federalist No. 51 (1788), James Madison explains and defends the checks and balances system in the Constitution. Each branch of government is framed so that its power checks the power of the other two branches; additionally, each branch of government is dependent on the people, who are the source of legitimate authority. In Fed. 51, Madison calls the people, “the fountain of authority.” If the vast majority of the people can’t even name the three branches of government should they still be the fountain of authority?

  15. Do you imagine that Americans were any better at naming the three branches back in the 18th century when George Washington was president?

  16. Is it actually important to know the kind of information that you could look up on any smart phone in about 5 seconds?

  17. How different do you think the results of this survey will be in 20 years?

  18. Who do you think would do better at identifying the three branches of government, Justin Bieber (Canadian), the actor who plays Draco Malfoy (Tom Felton) in the Harry Potter Movies (English), PewDiePie (Swedish), or the average 10th grader (American) at your school? Explain your answer.

  19. Why do you think that 1% of the people who took this survey “refused” to answer? were they insulted by how easy the survey was? What does “refused” even mean?

  20. Are you depressed about this? I am. Let's talk. Tell me how you feel:

  21. What are some other important facts about our government that you imagine would also be unknown to many Americans?

  22. Any foreign born American who wants to become a citizen will have to pass a citizenship test where they will have to know the answer to this kind of question. Do you think that this kind of questions should be required for citizenship?

  23. Claim: in order to vote any American citizen should have to prove that they can name the three branches of government and answer other important questions about the U.S. Government. Respond to this claim.

  24. List one consequence of requiring a citizenship style test before people are allowed to vote.

  25. Congratulations, you get to title the chart above. What would you name it?

  26. Which of the charts below* is the most depressing?

  27. What percent of statistics are made up on the spot?**

**37%

Learning Extension

Read the Annenberg Public Policy report on this survey and weep.

Action Extension (do one of the following)

1-Take a mini-practice citizenship test online and share your results in class or online.

2-Ask ten people to name the three branches of government and share your results in class or online.

* Bonus Smarts Charts

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Okay, Mr. 3% who can name Freedom to petition! Happy now?

Okay, Mr. 3% who can name Freedom to petition! Happy now?

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Where people in each state were born

GoPoPro

What portion of people living in your state were born in your state?

  1. What story does this map tell about the U.S.?

  2. Why do you think that is?

  3. What is one consequence of this on American politics?

  4. How accurate was your prediction?

  5. How would you describe the overall level of migration for your state?

  6. What state has the highest level of immigration?

  7. What state has the lowest level of immigration?

  8. Do most of the newcomers to your state come from inside or outside the US?

  9. Why do some states attract so many people?

  10. How do you think immigration was different for your state 50 & 100 years ago? You can actually find maps with the answer in this article.

  11. Predict what you think the numbers will be like for your state in 2050:

  12. What is one consequence of a state having a very high number of residents who were born in that state?

  13. What is one consequence of a state having a very low number of residents who were born in that state?

  14. If we got rid of federalism and adopted a unitary system of government how much power would the governors and legislators of each state on the map have?

  15. Is there any state that seems to have the perfect balance of native born residents and migrants?

  16. Explain how migration to your state impacts its overall political ideology?

  17. Explain connections between this map and the 2016 presidential election?

  18. In the comments section below write a piece of advice you would give brand new immigrants to your state:

Visual Extension

Learning Extension

Read the entire article about US mobility and check out the interactive maps comparing migration over the past century.

Action Extension

Survey your class and find out how many class members were born outside of your state. Compare that total to the state average. Find someone at your school who was not born in your state, ask them four questions about moving to your state, and then give them an "official" warm welcome them to your state.

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  • All four FRQ workshops

  • Unit 1 Online multiple choice test & Kay (with a brand-new unit test each month)

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