A Woman's Place Is In The House...Of Representatives

AP US Government and Politics

Which three states have never had a woman representative in the House or the Senate?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprised are you by this information?

  3. How did your own state and district do in regards to female representation?

  4. What story does the map tell?

  5. Do you notice any big geographical patterns in the map?

  6. Explain whether this is a happy map or a sad map.

  7. Why do you think these three states have never had any representation?

  8. What is one consequence of never having elected a female for these three states?

  9. Vermont and Mississippi are about as politically and culturally different as any two states could be. Why do you think they both agree on not having female representatives?

  10. It's been said that the gender of the politician isn't important, what matters are the policies they fight for. In the comments section, explain whether you think this statement is true:


Learning Extension

Check out this great article and interactive map at Vox where you can find out about female representation in your own state and ditrict.


Action Extension

Vote for a woman or convince someone else to vote for a woman. Better yet, lobby your political party (Emily's List for liberals, the NFRW for conservatives) to run women for office. Or best of all, if you are a woman, run for office.


Bonus Maps

This is Not My Beautiful House

AP US Government and Politics

How closely does the US Congress demographically mirror the American people?

Source: Good

  1. What most surprised you about this chart?

  2. What story does this chart tell?

  3. Why do you think the chart is the way it is?

  4. In what way is Congress demographically least representative?

  5. Why does Congress not more accurately mirror the US?

  6. Who does Congress represent?

  7. Who benefits the most from this demographically unrepresentative congress?

  8. Write your own question about this chart:

  9. This data is from the 113th congress. How do you think this information was different in the 1st Congress and how will it be different in the 120th Congress?

  10. In the comments section, describe your version of what the ideal congress would look like.


Learning Extension

Check out this Guardian interactive to find out how much Congress looks like you


Action Extension

Crowdsource your friends for a list of ways to make the US Congress more representative of the US. Share your best idea in class, online or tweet it to @UsGoPoPro

Source: http://awesome.good.is/transparency/web/11...

Obstacles to Equality?

AP US Government and Politics

Do you think that most Americans agree with the following statement: "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men."

Pew Research Center    AP US Government and Politics

Pew Research Center

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprised are you by this data?

  3. Do you believe that, "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men." 

  4. Give one example to support your opinion:

  5. According to the data, what demographic groups most agreed with the statement that, "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men."

  6. Why do you think Republicans and Democrats have such different views on this issue?

  7. What would be a good title for this chart?

  8. What do you think this data would have looked like 30 years ago, and what do you think this data will look like 30 years from now?

  9. What are some obstacles that make it harder for women to get ahead that have been removed in the past half century?

  10. What are some remaining obstacles that make it harder for women to get ahead that remain?

  11. Imagine you were the head of an interest group trying to remove obstacles to equality. Describe 2 methods your interest group could use that would be the most likely to produce change.

  12. Explain what role political socialization plays in this data.

  13. What does this data tell you about current American political culture?

  14. How do the Americans' attitudes about obstacles to women vary by race, ethnicity, gender, and education level?*

  15. In 1972 the Equal Rights AMendment** to the constitution was passed by 2/3 of congress and then was sent to the states to be ratified. 35 states ratified the E.R.A., but that did not meet the 3/4 threshold (38) states needed to ratify the amendment. If you were asked to vote on this amendment, explain how you would vote:

  16. WHat does the map of states that ratified the E.R.A. tell you about the geography of equality? *

Visual Extension*

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The Equal Rights Amendment**

Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.

Learning Extension

Read this Pew report on attitudes about gender and obstacles.

Action Extension

List all the obstacles you can think of that make it harder for men to get ahead. List all the obstacles you can think of that make it harder for women to get ahead. Make a chart/poster/flyer about this and post it on the wall of your school or on social media.

Our World In Data Extension

Our Animals in Clothing Extension

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The Absolute Worst US State for Women!

What is the worst US state for women?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this data?

  3. What criteria do you think Movehub used in determining this ranking?*

  4. What would be the most important criterion for you, personally, in deciding what state was best for women?

  5. How much choice do most people have in what state they live in?

  6. How Much choice do you have about where you live?

  7. How did your state rank in terms of the status of women?

  8. Why do you think that is?

  9. Do you see any geographic patterns in this map?

  10. What do you think explains those patterns?

  11. Explain the connection between this map & federalism.

  12. If we lived in a unitary system, what color would all the states be?

  13. What policy position could Oklahoma take that would improve it as a place for women to live?

  14. Given that Oklahoma is one of the most conservative states in America, how likely is it that they will implement policies making life better for women?

  15. Describe how Conservatives and Liberals would disagree about the role the government should take in making life more equal between men and women.

  16. If you overlaid the chart above with a map of the states won by Trump and Clinton in the 2016 Presidential mud wrestling match/election (see below)* how would the two compare?

  17. If you were a poor woman in Oklahoma and saw these rankings and thought, "My goodness, I need to move to Hawaii or Vermont right now!" What is the percent chance that you could just do that?

  18. Do you think Oklahoma is proud of being the worst state for women?

  19. How do you think the female representation in the legislature and government compares between Hawaii and Oklahoma? (See map below)*

  20. If you made a map of the best and worst COUNTRIES for women, what do you think the top 5 and the bottom five would be?*


Learning Extension

Read the Movehub article about how they ranked the states.*


Action Extension

Find out how your state ranks. Contact your state's governor, congratulate them/embarrass them about their ranking, and offer them one suggestion about how to improve/maintain their ranking.


VISUAL EXTENSION

Global rankings of best and worst places to be a mother.**

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Our World in Data Extension

A Woman's place is in the House or the Senate

What % of the seats in the 116th U.S. Congress will be held by women?

NPR     *Note: these numbers could change as final votes are tallied.

NPR

*Note: these numbers could change as final votes are tallied.

  1. How Perfectly Accurate was your prediction?

  2. Describe one trend you see in the charts?

  3. How do you explain that trend?

  4. What is one consequence of that trend?

  5. Is this trend good or bad news?

  6. Would it be fair to call 2018 the year of the woman?

  7. Before you get too happy or angry about these numbers: If 23% of the Congress is female, what is 77% of congress?

  8. While the number of Female Democrats in congress is increasing, the number of female republicans is falling. Why do you think that is?

  9. If you were to extend the trends from this chart, what percentage of the two houses would you predict will be female by 2040?

  10. At the same time As the US Congress has become less popular it has become more female. Explain whether there is any causation in this fact.

  11. What is one policy that you think will change in the 116th congress since more females than ever are in the U.S. Congress?

  12. There is a debate about whether Nancy Pelosi should resume the job of Speaker of the House in the 116th Congress. Based on your knowledge of U.S. politics and the data in the chart, make a claim about whether Pelosi should be elected Speaker.

  13. In terms of gender parity, how do you think the U.S. Congress compares to other countries around the world?*

  14. has your state ever been represented in either the Senate or the House by a woman?*

  15. Explain how voter turnout and demographics in the 2018 midterm election impacted the number of women in the 116th U.S. Congress.*

Visual Extension

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Learning Extension

Check out this 538 analysis of the Year of the Woman.

Action Extension

Survey your friends and classmates. Ask them if they would like to run for Congress. Analyze the Data by gender and share your results in class or online.

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Women Running

How many women are running for U.S. Congress in 2018?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?
    What story does the infographic tell about change in the number of women running for Congress over time?

  2. What do you think is the main reason for that change?

  3. What is one consequence of that change?

  4. The 2018 midterms have broken the record for the number of female candidates who filed as well as for the number and share of women who won primaries in House and Senate contests. Why do you think that is?

  5. There is a saying that, “When women run, women win.” If that’s true, and it appears to be, why don’t both parties run more women?

  6. How many women are running for office in races in your district and state?

  7. The red in the infographic above represents Republicans, the blue, Democrats. What story does the infographic tell about female candidacy by party?

  8. Why do you think that is?
    During the recent Kavanaugh hearings Senator Kamala Harris asked Brett Kavanaugh if he could name any legislation Congress had ever made about men’s bodies. He couldn’t, and I can’t. Imagine that Congress eventually became majority female.

  9. When two women run against each other, a woman always wins. How many women are running against each other in this year’s Senate races?

  10. 1/3 of the candidates for the US Senate (legislative) are female, 1/5 of the candidates for state Governor (executive) are female. What do you think accounts for that difference?

  11. Why do you think Americans are more comfortable with women in legislative roles than they are with women in executive positions?

  12. If a woman won in every race where one is running, 207 would make it to the House. But that’s unlikely. If that did happen, and almost half of the House was female would that be good or bad?

Screen Shot 2018-09-14 at 2.24.22 PM.png

Learning Extension

Read the New York Times article about Women running for office in 2018. And if you haven’t already, Check out Politico's interactive women candidate tracker and make predictions about how many women will win in the 2018 midterm elections. Share your prediction in class or online.

Action Extension

Although we have primary elections, a big part of who gets to run for office is still determined by the political parties and how much support, money, and energy they put behind candidates. Contact your favorite political party: GOP or Dems, and let them know what you think about the number of female candidates they are fielding in 2018.

More Women are Running. Will they Win?

Of the 589 women running for U.S. House, U.S. Senate, or state Governor, how many have been successful?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How do you think that rate of success compares to male candidates?

  3. What story does this data tell about women and politics?

  4. Why do you think that is?

  5. What is one consequence of this?

  6. Explain whether this is a happy or sad story?

  7. Do you think it would be accurate to call 2018 the "Year of the Woman?"

  8. Relative to years past, many more women are running for office than usual. Why do you think so many women are running for office nationwide?

  9. In the long run, do you think that the Donald J. Trump presidency will be good or bad for women?

  10. Explain how much the gender of a candidate impacts the likelihood of your voting for them?

  11. Explain how much of an impact the Hillary Clinton presidential campaign had on the number of women running for office today?

  12. How many women are running for higher office where you live?

  13. When do you think we will have the first female president?

  14. African American males gained the right to vote, served in the US congress, and in the US Supreme Court before any women. Explain why that happened and whether you believe the U.S. is more racist or sexist.

Screen Shot 2018-09-05 at 2.36.56 PM.png
Screen Shot 2018-09-05 at 2.46.51 PM.png

 

Learning Extension

Check out Politico's interactive women candidate tracker and make predictions about how many women will win in the 2018 midterm elections.

Action Extension

Research a woman running for office in your state and learn more about their campaign. Share your knowledge in class or online and discuss whether you would vote for this candidate. If you like the female candidate, contact their campaign and ask them how you can help them get elected. If you dislike the female candidate, contact their opponent's campaign and ask them how you can help get them elected.

Hollywood's Boy's Club

AP United States Government and Politics!

In 2014, what percent of lead or co-lead roles in the 100 top-grossing films went to females?

THE ECONOMIST

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprising is this information?

  3. Why do you think that although the US is roughly half male and half female, lead movie roles are so skewed towards men?

  4. What is a consequence of this distribution of lead roles?

  5. How do you think this affects movie viewers?

  6. Is this bad news or good news?

  7. Do you think that moviegoers generally don't like seeing women in big roles or even in talking roles in movies?

  8. After the mega-success of Wonder Woman, do you think we will see a big change in the numbers in the chart in the next few years?

  9. A couple of years ago, in reaction to the lack of diversity, the #oscarssowhite hastag was created. Do you think it would be fair to have a hashtag #oscarssomale ?

  10. Regarding diversity, how did the Oscars do this year?

  11. How different do you think this division is in other industries like the financial services industry, technology industry, the medical profession?

  12. How do you think this division of lead roles looked 20 years ago, and what do you imagine this division of lead roles will look like 20 years from now?

  13. What do you think President Donald Trump would say about this issue?

  14. Explain whether you think the US government should enact some policy about this issue.

  15. In the comments section explain how you think the distribution of lead movie roles affects you personally:


Learning Extension

Watch this short video about gender diversity in the media from seejane.org


Action Extension

Over the next 48 hours, notice the disparity of male and female leads roles and speaking roles as you watch the media. You might even keep a gender in media log just to quantify your results. Share your results with friends, family, and this class, and then advocate for See Jane.

Gender in Congress

AP US Government and Politics

How many countries have a higher percentage of females in their legislature than the U.S.?

AP US Government and Politics Lessons

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this data?

  3. Which country that had a higher % of female legislators than the U.S. most surprised you?

  4. What explains the fact that almost 100 countries have a higher % of female legislators than the U.S.?

  5. What is a consequence of the U.S. having such a relatively low % of female legislators?

  6. What is one policy that would probably be different if the U.S. was a country with one of the highest % of female legislators in the world?

  7. What is one specific U.S. policy that is mostly a consequence of the fact that we have a Congress that is 81% male?

  8. List at least three countries that you are pretty sure are lower than the U.S. in the % of female legislators:

  9. Explain whether you believe most Americans know that 19% of U.S. legislators are female?

  10. How do you think this information has changed over the past half century and will change over the next half century?

  11. Is there any connection between this data and the results of the 2016 presidential election?

  12. How much of a role do you think gender played in the 2016 presidential election?

  13. How do you think your own gender influences your opinion of this issue and this data?

  14. Without looking it up, can you name two female legislators in the U.S. House or Senate?

  15. Why do you think it's harder for women to win election than men?

  16. Explain whether, overall, this good news or bad news:

  17. Explain which party you think has a higher % of female legislators.*


Learning Extension

Read this interesting report from Fortune Magazine about the 2016 election results for women.


Action Extension

Unless you feel that 19% of Congress being female is too high a number, use this handy dandy little form from She Should Run to ask a woman to run for office or nominate yourself (if you are female) to run. Share your story with class or on social media.


Bonus Charts*

114th Congress

Women in the Senate

How many women were in the US Senate in 2015?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprising is this information?

  3. What trend do you see in this chart?

  4. Is this good or bad news?

  5. Since the 2016 election, the number of female Senators has increased to 21, the most ever. What do you think this data will look like in 50 years?

  6. Half of the US population is female. Why do you think only 20% of the Senate is female?

  7. Is there anything specific to the US electoral process that explain why the number of women in the Senate is so much lower than the proportion of women in the population?

  8. What are two consequences of the Senate being 80% male?

  9. Imagine that the Senate was 20% instead of 20% female. What changes in the legislature do you believe would happen?

  10. What do you think this data looked like 50 years ago?

  11. 14 of the female Senators are Democrats, 6 Republicans. Does this surprise you?

  12. Other countries have increased the number of women in their legislature by (wo)mandating that for every male a political party runs for office, they must also run a female. Explain whether you believe this is a good idea:


Learning Extension

Check out the Rutgers University site on the history of women in the Senate.


Action Extension

Based on the Guardian guide to the 20 current female Senators, rank your top three best female US Senators.

Bonus Chart