Nationalism So White

What percent of Americans see white nationalism as a “somewhat” or “very” serious threat?

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. What story does the data tell?

  3. Make a claim that can be substantiated by the data in the chart:

  4. How surprised are you by this data?

  5. What trend do you see in the data?

  6. Describe the difference between Democrats and Republicans about whether white nationalism is a threat:

  7. What do you think best explains this difference?

  8. Explain how the racial demographics of the Democratic and Republican party impact this difference about whether white nationalism is a threat.*

  9. What is one consequence of this party difference regarding the threat of white nationalism?

  10. What impact do you think the current President has had on this data?

  11. In your opinion, how much of a threat is white nationalism?

  12. What is the difference between white nationalism and racism?

  13. According to the most recent HuffPost/YouGov poll, 77 percent of Democrats think Trump supports white nationalism, but only 10 percent of Republicans agree. What do you think?

  14. Based on this and the 52 point difference in party opinion on the severity of white nationalism in the chart above, my student Frederick argued that it would be fair to say that we live in two different countries. Make a claim about whether America has become two different countries.

  15. What impact does the news media have on the large differences in opinion?

  16. Democratic politicians, including many of the 2020 contenders, have called the president a “white nationalist” and a “white supremacist,” and have been outspoken in saying that Trump’s rhetoric incites violence. Explain whether you think this will be a successful electoral strategy.

  17. According to a survey from the Pew Research Center conducted in May — prior to the El Paso attack — large majorities of both Democrats and Republicans said that when elected officials use “heated or aggressive language” to talk about certain people or groups, it makes violence against those people more likely. A majority of respondents from both parties also agreed that politicians should avoid “heated language” because they think it could encourage violence. do you think the President avoids heated language?

  18. Do you think the President should avoid heated language?

  19. In 2017, after the Unit The Right white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, President Trump held a press conference defending white nationalists saying they included “some very fine people,” and that “You also had some very fine people on both sides.” Were you surprised to hear the President of the United States refer to white nationalists as “very fine people”?

  20. In 1776, when Thomas Jefferson wrote the immortal lines of the Declaration of Independence, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” there were more than 500,000 Black Americans were enslaved, and Thomas Jefferson, himself, enslaved over 100 humans. How does that history impact race relations in America today?

  21. What part of the federal government would most likely be tasked with protecting the United States against white nationalism?

Visual Extension*


Learning Extension

Check out the Southern Poverty Law Center’s interactive Map of Hate in the U.S. and see where hate lives in your state.

Action Extension

Contact the President or a top Democratic candidate for President and tell them what you think they should do about white nationalism.






AP Studio Art

Now draw what you have learned about the difference in perception of the threat of white nationalism. Take 10 or 20 seconds. That’s all you need. Nothing fancy. Don’t expect a masterpiece. Draw with symbols or stick figures if you wish. Now Look at your drawing. You’ve got it. That’s all.

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American Religion or Religinone?


What percent of Americans identify their religious preference as having no religion?

  1. How accurate was your weak prediction?

  2. What most surprised you about this data?

  3. How surprising would this data be to the average Americans?

  4. Describe the trend since 1948 in Americans who identify their religious preference a “none”?

  5. What is your best explanation for that trend?

  6. In what way has that trend had the biggest impact on American politics?

  7. Explain whether this trend is good news for America.

  8. Use the data from the chart to make a claim that can be substantiated (backed up) by the data:

  9. A student named Wolfgang looked at this data and said to his class that “America is clearly becoming a less Christian nation.” Explain whether you agree with Wolfgang.

  10. If current trends continue, in what year will non-religious Americans be the largest “religious” group (plurality)?

  11. The Democratic presidential candidate who is most outspoken about his religion, Mayor Pete Buttigieg, is gay. How confusing is that to most Americans?

  12. Do you think most religious Americans will vote for Pete Buttigieg because he, like them, is so religious?

  13. POTUS Trump is clearly a non-religious person, yet many Christians are extremely devoted to his presidency. How do you explain that?

  14. Describe the impact you think religion will have on the 2020 election.

  15. Would it be fair to describe a very devoted non-religious female who lived in a non-religious convent as a “none-nun”?

  16. What state do you think is the least religious?*

  17. How do you think a state’s religiosity relates to its political affiliation?*

  18. Around the time of the Revolutionary War only 17 percent of the total American population belonged to a church congregation. How surprising is that information?

Visual Extension*


Learning Extension

Read the Pew Report on America’s Changing Religious Landscape

Action Extension

Share any of the data on American religion on social media and describe the reaction in class or online.


Top Ten Events

AP US Government and Politics

Please name the 10 historic events that occurred in YOUR lifetime that you think have had the greatest impact on the country. This could be one specific event, a series of related events or any other historic development or change that had an important impact on the nation.

Pew Research Center

AP US Government and Politics

  1. What generation are you a part of?

  2. Which generation was your list of the 10 most important events the most similar to?

  3. What generation was your list the most different from?

  4. Overall, what surprised you most about these lists?

  5. Overall, what do these lists tell us about the US?

  6. What is the biggest generational difference these lists reveal?

  7. Of all the historical events listed on all these lists, explain which event, 50 years from now, will not still be on any list?

  8. In the long run, do you believe that September 11 will end up being more historically significant to our country than WWII?

  9. How different do you think this list would be for someone from Africa OR A PERSON FROM ASIA?

  10. Respondents were asked to include only events from their lifetime. If you were allowed to add any event which has occurred since 1901 to your list, how would your list change? 

  11. What do you think the generation that included the Framers of the Constitution would have listed as their top events?

  12. Explain how different these lists would be for a conservative and a liberal of the same generation*:

  13. Describe How race and ethnicity impacts these lists*?

  14. Obama's election was ranked 2nd on the list for the most recent generations, and near the top for all the generations. Explain what was so important about Obama's election?

  15. This question was asked before Trump's election. How do you think Trump's election will rank on the list of the 10 historic events that occurred in YOUR lifetime that you think have had the greatest impact on the country.

  16. Let's call the generation born after 1998 (that's you) the igeneration. Explain the main way your generation is different from the Millennial Generation:

  17. Now that fake news makes such an impact on society, and people have difficulty distinguishing real from made-up events, explain whether we will have fake history, and thus very different lists of important events in the future:

Learning Extension

Read the Pew Research Center report on each generation's most important events.

Action Extension

After you make your list, share it with friends in person or online and ask them for their own list of top 10 events. From that data, compile a list of the most important events for your generation to share in class or online.


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Our World In Data Extension

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Obstacles to Equality?

AP US Government and Politics

Do you think that most Americans agree with the following statement: "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men."

Pew Research Center    AP US Government and Politics

Pew Research Center

AP US Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprised are you by this data?

  3. Do you believe that, "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men." 

  4. Give one example to support your opinion:

  5. According to the data, what demographic groups most agreed with the statement that, "Significant obstacle still make it harder for women to get ahead then men."

  6. Why do you think Republicans and Democrats have such different views on this issue?

  7. What would be a good title for this chart?

  8. What do you think this data would have looked like 30 years ago, and what do you think this data will look like 30 years from now?

  9. What are some obstacles that make it harder for women to get ahead that have been removed in the past half century?

  10. What are some remaining obstacles that make it harder for women to get ahead that remain?

  11. Imagine you were the head of an interest group trying to remove obstacles to equality. Describe 2 methods your interest group could use that would be the most likely to produce change.

  12. Explain what role political socialization plays in this data.

  13. What does this data tell you about current American political culture?

  14. How do the Americans' attitudes about obstacles to women vary by race, ethnicity, gender, and education level?*

  15. In 1972 the Equal Rights AMendment** to the constitution was passed by 2/3 of congress and then was sent to the states to be ratified. 35 states ratified the E.R.A., but that did not meet the 3/4 threshold (38) states needed to ratify the amendment. If you were asked to vote on this amendment, explain how you would vote:

  16. WHat does the map of states that ratified the E.R.A. tell you about the geography of equality? *

Visual Extension*

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The Equal Rights Amendment**

Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.

Learning Extension

Read this Pew report on attitudes about gender and obstacles.

Action Extension

List all the obstacles you can think of that make it harder for men to get ahead. List all the obstacles you can think of that make it harder for women to get ahead. Make a chart/poster/flyer about this and post it on the wall of your school or on social media.

Our World In Data Extension

Our Animals in Clothing Extension


Moderation in all things except voting

AP US Government and Politics

Who is more ideologically extreme, the average American or the average American voter?


AP U.S. Government and Politics

  1. How accurate was your prediction?

  2. How surprising is this information?

  3. What is the big story these charts tell?

  4. Why do you think ideologically extreme people tend to vote more than ideological moderates?

  5. What is one consequence this information?

  6. Explain whether this is good or bad news:

  7. What effects do you imagine this information had on the 2016 and 2018 elections?

  8. Is there any mechanism in the way Americans vote that helps amplify the extreme vote?

  9. Explain why conservatives are more likely to vote than liberals:

  10. What percentage of statistics are made up on the spot?

  11. Who is the most moderate person you know?

  12. Would you consider them radically moderate?

  13. Do the more moderate people or the more extreme people you know tend to get more done?

  14. Explain how the U.S. media landscape has impacted the data from the chart?

  15. Describe what you imagine this chart looked like in 1950 and what it will look like in 2050.

  16. Describe one aspect of the U.S. Constitution built to moderate the will of the people.

  17. How do your own ideological leanings compare to the chart?

  18. Do the voting habits of people you know generally conform to the data from the chart?

  19. Only about 1/4 of moderate Americans actually vote. In the comments section, tell moderate U.S. voters whether they should vote or not:

Visual Extension

Learning Extension

Read this Pew Report on extreme voters.

Action Extension

Contact one of the two major U.S. political parties- the Democratic Party or the Republican Party and explain to them whether it would benefit them to run more extreme or more moderate candidates.

Our World In Data Extension

Our Animals in Clothing Extension