FRQ Review

AP Free response questions and themes from 2001-2016

2001

Methods of amending Constitution

Reasons for congressional incumbent reelections

14th amendment connection to Court cases

Difficulty of enacting public policy

 

2002

Divided Government and its difficulties

Reasons for distribution of government benefits

Racial minorities and political influence

Voter turnout decline/Midterm elections

 

2003

Presidential approval ratings

Political participation (other than voting)

Federal & state employees-block grants/mandates

Party leaders and committees in Congress

 

2004

Impact of money on presidential elections

Difficulties in amending the Constitution

Increasing power of presidency

Effect of incumbents/interest groups/media

 

2005

Insulation of Supreme Court from public opinion

Means of increasing power of federal government

Selective incorporation & growing civil liberties/rights

Methods of federal campaign finance reform

 

2006

Goals of Interest Groups and Parties

Social Security and Entitlements

Congress and Bureaucratic Agencies

Bicameralism

 

2007

Electoral College/Winner Take All

Freedom of Religion - clauses

War Powers Resolution

Federalism/Increase of Federal Power

 

2008

Congressional Redistricting

President and Congress and domestic policy

Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy

Civil Rights and minority voting

 

2009

Majority rule and minority protections

Voting and demographics

Majority versus minority in Congress

President/Media and Agenda Setting


2010

Interest Groups and Rights

Merit system and Checks on Bureaucracy

Political party demographics and the South

Federalism and the Bill of Rights


2011

Political Parties and Nominations

Supreme Court and its rulings

Public Opinion polls and Congressional Voting

Congress versus Executive in making Public Policy


2012

Congressional Duties: lawmaking, oversight, constituent service

Minority Representation in Congress

Insulation of Judiciary from Politics

Interest Groups and policy


2013

Models of congressional representation

Political parties and congressional elections

Judicial nominations and demographics

Public Policy and Political Institutions


2014

Federalists v Anti-Federalists and power of national government

Voting laws, demographics, and voter turnout

Presidential and Congressional powers in foreign policy

Causes and effects of party polarization


2015

Policy Constraints on President

Federalism past and present

Electoral College and campaign strategies

14th Amendment and Civil Liberties & Civil Rights


2016

Role of Linkage Institutions in Elections

Population Changes and consequences for political institutions

Bureaucracy and Congress making policy

Changes in citizen participation in government over time

 

2017

Checks and balances on Supreme Court

Role of Interest Groups in Political Process

Consequences of growth of entitlement spending

Federalism and balance of power between states and federal government


Prediction: What will the topics of the 2018 FRQ questions be?