Confederate Monuments

Pros and Con(federate)s

The Issue

Unless you’ve been hiding in a cave or under a monument of General Nathan Bedford Forrest you probably know that there is a huge debate roiling our nation about the more than 700 monuments to the Confederate soldiers who fought against the United States in the Civil War. Some Americans think all Confederate monuments should be torn down, others want to erect new monuments to the Confederacy. What do you think? And what can you do about it? It’s your time to take part in this discussion by acting on your informed knowledge!


Your Opinion

Before we learn more about this, share your opinion - take our Confederate monuments survey.


Our Task

Let’s use the current controversy surrounding Confederate monuments as an opportunity to educate yourself, your community and take an informed action.


Some Opinions

Some other smart people have some strong opinions about Confederate monuments

Editorials

Take The Statues Down

Let the Confederate Monuments Stand

Video


A Little Learning

Let’s learn a bit more about Confederate monuments before we do anything about it.


Confederate Monuments Fact Sheet

 

1. There are at least 1,503 symbols of the Confederacy in public spaces.

The study identified 1,503 publicly sponsored symbols honoring Confederate leaders, soldiers or the Confederate States of America in general. These include monuments and statues; flags; holidays and other observances; and the names of schools, highways, parks, bridges, counties, cities, lakes, dams, roads, military bases, and other public works. Many of these are prominent displays in major cities; others, like the Stonewall Jackson Volunteer Fire and Rescue Department in Manassas, Virginia, are little known.

2. There are at least 109 public schools named after prominent Confederates, many with large African-American student populations.

Schools named for Robert E. Lee are the most numerous (52), followed by Stonewall Jackson (15), Jefferson Davis (13), P.G.T. Beauregard (7), Nathan Bedford Forrest (7), & J.E.B. Stuart (5). The vast majority of these schools are in the states of the former Confederacy, though Robert E. Lee Elementary in East Wenatchee, Washington, and two schools in California (elementary schools named after Lee in Long Beach and San Diego) are interesting outliers. Of these 109 schools, 27 have student populations that are majority African-American, and 10 have African-American populations of over 90 percent. At least 39 of these schools were built or dedicated from 1950 to 1970, broadly encompassing the era of the modern civil rights movement. Fun fact: I taught at both Stonewall Jackson Middle School and Robert E. Lee High School (both in Texas). Jackson Middle was 99% non-white (in fact I only taught one White student there, and, true story, his name was "Whitey"), and Lee High School was 90% non-white, with over 1000 ESL students.

3. There are more than 700 Confederate monuments and statues on public property throughout the country, the vast majority in the South.

The study identified 718 monuments. The majority (551) were dedicated or built prior to 1950. More than 45 were dedicated or rededicated during the civil rights movement, between the U.S. Supreme Court’s school desegregation decision in 1954 and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968. The survey counted 32 monuments and other symbols that were dedicated or rededicated in the years since 2000. Many of these are memorials to Confederate soldiers, typically inscribed with colorful language extolling their heroism and valor, or, sometimes, the details of particular battles or local units. Some go further, however, to glorify the Confederacy’s cause. For example, in Anderson County, South Carolina, a monument erected in 1902 reads, in part: “The world shall yet decide, in truth’s clear, far-off light, that the soldiers who wore the gray, and died with Lee, were in the right.” Three states stand out for having far more monuments than others: Virginia (96), Georgia (90), and North Carolina (90). But the other eight states that seceded from the Union have their fair share: Alabama (48), Arkansas (36), Florida (25), Louisiana (37), Mississippi (48), South Carolina (50), Tennessee (43), and Texas (66). These monuments are found in a total of 31 states and the District of Columbia. Outside of the seceding states, the states with the most are Kentucky (41) and Missouri (14), two states to which the Confederacy laid claim. Monuments are also found in states far from the Confederacy, including Arizona (2) and even Massachusetts (1), a stalwart of the Union during the Civil War.

4. There were two major periods in which the dedication of Confederate monuments and other symbols spiked — the first two decades of the 20th century and during the civil rights movement.

Southerners began honoring the Confederacy with statues and other symbols almost immediately after the Civil War. The first Confederate Memorial Day, for example, was dreamed up by the wife of a Confederate soldier in 1866. In 1886 Jefferson Davis laid the cornerstone of the Confederate Memorial Monument in a prominent spot on the state Capitol grounds in Montgomery, Alabama. There has been a steady stream of dedications in the 150 years since that time.


Timeline


The Confederacy: In Its Own Words

The desire to preserve slavery was the cause for secession by Southern states. But 150 years after the war, many continue to cling to myths. As recently as 2011, 48 percent of Americans in a Pew Research Center survey cited states’ rights as the reason for the war, compared to 38 percent citing slavery. This finding is all the more astonishing because a review of statements and documents by Confederate leaders makes their intentions clear. The following is a sample:

 

"We hold as undeniable truths that the governments of the various States, and of the confederacy itself, were established exclusively by the white race, for themselves and their posterity; that the African race had no agency in their establishment; that they were rightfully held and regarded as an inferior and dependent race, and in that condition only could their existence in this country be rendered beneficial or tolerable.”

Texas Declaration of causes for secession, February 2, 1861

 

“Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery — the greatest material interest of the world.”

Mississippi Declaration of causes for secession

 

“They assume that the negro is equal, and hence conclude that he is entitled to equal privileges and rights with the white man. If their premises were correct, their conclusions would be logical and just but their premise being wrong, their whole argument fails.”

Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of the Confederacy

Cornerstone Speech, March 21, 1861

 

“Our new government is founded upon … the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery subordination to the superior race is his natural and normal condition.”

Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President of the Confederacy

Cornerstone Speech, March 21, 1861

 

“A geographical line has been drawn across the Union, and all the States north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States, whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.”

South Carolina Declaration of causes for secession, December 24, 1860

 

And here’s what General Robert E. Lee thought about monuments:

As for honoring the memories of honorable men, here’s what Robert E. Lee himself said about undue reverence for conflicts past: “I think it wisest not to keep open the sores of war, but to follow the example of those nations who endeavored to obliterate the marks of civil strife, and to commit to oblivion the feelings it engendered.”


The Map

Let’s start by learning about where Confederate monuments are.

There are over 700 Confederate monuments in the US today! Use the Confederate Monuments map to locate a confederate monument in your community.

You can learn about all this information and more at the SPLC Whose Heritage Webpage

You can download Whose Heritage? Public Symbols of the Confederacy


The Chart

Get local. Fill in the Confederate Monument Data Sheet below about a Confederate monument in your community. If there are no monuments in your community then you must not live in the South (like I do), and you can just pick any monument from the map and database.


Points of View

Pro-tip: there are other people in the world and they don’t all think like you.

As you think about the following actual and hypothetical people, consider how each individual would probably feel about a Confederate monument or statue. To convey their feelings, list one adjective or mark a frowny (anti-monument) or happy (pro) face next to each person.

  1. A 92 year old great grandson of slaves

  2. A member of the KKK

  3. Donald J. Trump

  4. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

  5. A mixed race child age 9

  6. 23 year old unemployed high school dropout who thinks he is white

  7. A 35 year old employed college graduate who thinks he is white

  8. 93 year old great granddaughter of slave owners

  9. You

  10. Your parents

  11. Your grandparents

  12. The great grandchild of a Confederate soldier

  13. A person your age and demographically similar to you, 30 years ago

  14. A person your age and demographically similar to you, 30 years in the future

  15. Create a hypothetical individual who would be most happy about the monument

  16. Create a hypothetical individual who would be least happy about the monument


Ponder On

We’re not done yet. Here’s some more questions for you to ponder.

  1. When were the first slave brought to the US?

  2. Why were humans used as slaves in the US?

  3. What were three major consequences of slavery?

  4. How much did the Civil War have to do with slavery?

  5. What do you imagine an Indian person would think of a statue or memorial commemorating their colonial British rulers?

  6. What do you imagine a Jew would think of a monument of memorial commemorating the Nazi generals leading the German Army in the Third Reich?

  7. What would you think of a statue commemorating George III, colonial ruler of the American colonies?

  8. Would your community likely erect a monument to a confederate leader today?

  9. Let’s say you support the idea of a monument to people who fought against the United States in the Civil War. Where do you think the most appropriate place for a Confederate monument would be in your community?

  10. What did you learn from the map of Confederate monuments?

  11. What did you learn from the timeline of Confederate monuments?

Share your answers in class and online #proconmon


Act

Do something with your learning. Do one of the following and share your action in class and online #proconmon

Survey

Ask (in person or by sharing my Confederate monuments survey) 10 people to share their opinion about Confederate monuments. Share their responses with your class and online. Please try to survey a diverse (racially, religiously, economically - like the US) group of people and try to explain how demographics influenced your survey results.

Personal Reaction

Write an adjective or phrase that describes how you feel about the Confederate statue on a large piece of paper and hold it as you stand in front of the statue. Share your photo and your explanation for your feelings with us.

Community Reaction

Position yourself near the Confederate monument for one hour. Give 10 individuals a piece of paper and a marker. Have them write their reaction to the Confederate monument on the piece of paper and take their portrait while they hold the paper in front of the monument.

Contact the Media

Write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper/new website explaining what you think about Confederate monuments in your community or across the nation.

Contact the Government

Start and sign a petition or write a letter to the local city council/county commissioners explaining what you think they should do about Confederate monuments in your community.

Creation

Make a counter-monument. Imagine what a monument would look like to the victims of slavery. Create a textual or visual draft of a monument for these people. Share your draft or even better, create a monument and place it near the Confederate monument. Document this.

Education

Educate your community. Create a pop-up educational platform (digital, a tryptic, a flyer, a poster, a handout) about the Confederate monument and the history of Confederate monuments. Place your monument near your community’s Confederate monument. Document this.

*These are tumultuous times. People have different and strongly held opinions about this topic. Your safety is important. If anyone is hostile, belligerent, or aggressive towards you or your work, do not engage with them.

Share your action in class and online #proconmon


Exit Interview

Re-Reflection

Your Opinion again

Now that you’ve learned about and acted on this issue, share your opinion - take our Confederate monuments survey.

  1. How did your opinion change?

  2. In what way did your opinion not change?

  3. What do you know now that you didn’t know before.

Share your answers in class and online #proconmon

GoPo Pro Toolkit Digital Version

Everything you need for success in AP Government and Politics in one digital download! Our GoPo Pro Toolkit takes you through an entire year of US Government and Politics lessons and comes to you right now in a digital download with a full year of lessons, handouts, reviews, and tests! All the files are in word format and ready for you in a digital download!

The GoPo Pro Toolkit includes all the following:

  • Unit 1 - The Constitution
  • Unit 2 - Political Culture
  • Unit 3 - The Political Process
  • Unit 4 - Part 1 - Congress
  • Unit 4 - Part 2 - Presidency
  • Unit 4 - Part 3 - Judiciary
  • Unit 4 - Part 4 - Bureaucracy
  • Unit 5 - Public Policy
  • Unit 6 - Civil Rights & Liberties
  • GoPo Pro - All the tests and reviews for Teachers
  • Student GoPo Pro - Reviews & study guides for Students
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Odd One Out

Odd One Out

Thanks for playing Triple O with us. Let's find the odd one out. We'll give you a group of four GoPo terms. You figure out which one does NOT belong.


Example A

a)    Judicial

b)    Legislative

c)    Executive

d)    Ministry of Magic

Very good, the answer is d - the Ministry of Magic is not one of the three branches of the US government, yet!!!!! Expecto Patronum!

Here’s another one!


Example A+

a)    Tree frog

b)    Bactrian Camel

c)    Anteater

d)    Donald Trump

Which one doesn’t belong?

That’s right. c - the anteater doesn’t belong. Anteaters cannot be impeached.


You'll get one point for the correct answer (objective) and one point for the most creative and ingenious answer (subjective). The teacher will give one point for each objectively correct answer, and, if you convince them of the merit of your (incorrect) answer, you'll receive bonus points for ingenuity and original thinking. Add up your points and crown a Triple O Champion!

Alright already, let's play!

Now let’s move on to the first and only round!


1. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    Exercise

b)    Filibuster

c)    Establishment

d)    Commerce


2. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    Cabinet

b)    Conference Committee

c)    Veto

d)    Filibuster


3. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    Plessy v. Ferguson

b)    Miranda v. Arizona

c)    Mapp v. Ohio

d)    Gideon v. Wainwright


4. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    1860

b)    1896

c)    1980

d)    1932


5. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    FBI

b)    AMA

c)    NASA

d)    FEC


6. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    Amicus Briefs

b)    Conference

c)    Oral Arguments

d)    Trial by Jury


Now I’ll leave you with this and I won’t tell you the answer. See if you can figure it out.

Bonus

7. Which one doesn’t belong?

a)    Lobbying

b)    Extradition

c)    Concurrent Powers

d)    Interstate Commerce


Now it’s your turn to be creative/silly. In a team, make a list of four GoPo terms, three of which go together, one of which doesn’t. Share your list with another team and see if they can find the right answers. Then compile all the best team groupings and enter them into the form below!

Name *
Name

We’ll share the ones that aren’t totally embarrassing on the world-wide internet.

You'll find all the answers to the game in the download below.

Democracy Inquiry

Compelling Question

What is democracy and how democratic is the US?




Democracy Quotes

Find your favorite from the democracy quotes below.

Democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.
— Winston Churchill
Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education.
— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democracy is a device that ensures we shall be governed no better than we deserve.
— George Bernard Shaw
It’s not the voting that’s democracy; it’s the counting
— Tom Stoppard
Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.
— John Adams
The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.
— Winston Churchill

What is Democracy?

Democracy Basics


Democracy Resources

Michael Mandelbaum: Democracy’s Good Name

Robert Dahl: How Democratic is the US Constitution?


Democracy Preconditions

What are necessary conditions for a democracy to flourish?

Fill out the Preconditions for Democracy form for your country


History of Democracy

Democracy Over Time

Samuel P. Huntington - The Third Wave of Democratization

Watch Democracy spread around the world in this one GIF

Democracy Today

Freedom House Democracy Data - Freedom in the World Interactive Map

Freedom in the World - 2017 Report

Here's a great NPR interview with Larry Diamond about today's rise of authoritarianism and fall of democracy

Compelling Question

What is democracy and how democratic is the US?

BinGoPo

It's time to play BinGoPo!

2017 Jonathan Milner

What do you mean, Mexico's not going to pay for it?????

What do you mean, Mexico's not going to pay for it?????

 

BinGoPo Rules


Goal

Learn! Review! Enjoy! Win! Make Bingo Great Again!


Materials

1.     BinGoPo Cards

2.     BinGoPo Markers

3.     Electoral College Dropout Sign


Play

Students will each receive one BinGoPo card. There are six different BinGoPo cards, and each BinGoPo card contains all of the 15 vocab terms below, but in different configurations:

Students may not use books or notes to play BinGoPo unless they really, really, really need to.

The day before you play BinGoPo bring a bag of dried beans (canned beans are tasty but messy) to class or have each student bring 15 dry beans or coins to class. Each student will use these materials to make 15 bingo markers. In a pinch you can shred up little pieces of paper for BinGoPo markers or declare yourself Czar for life and take a nap. You also need to make a sign that reads, “Electoral College Dropout!” that any student who calls, “BinGoPo!” incorrectly must wear all day!!!!

·      Gender Gap

·      Popular Sovereignty

·      Coattail Effect

·      Ethnocentrism

·      Fighting Words

·      Double Jeopardy

·      Concurrent Powers

·      Commerce Clause

·      Fiscal Policy

·      Divided Government

·      Senate Confirmation

·      Cabinet

·      Impeachment

·      Political Socialization

·      Judicial Review


Rules

Unless you are anti-American you know how to play Bingo: B29, G9, N22, etc. Well today we are going to play bingo for GoPo: BinGoPo! Instead of calling out stupid letters and numbers (where’s the challenge in that!?!), we will be calling out GoPo definitions, and students will be finding the term that matches that definition on their BinGoPo card! The first person to get four terms in a row is the winner!

 

Round One

Teachers will have a definition of each of the BinGoPo terms (see following pages). They will also have a list of distractor terms, terms that are NOT on the BinGoPo cards but sound like they might be-we don’t want to make this too easy! Without saying the term, teachers will read one definition to class at a time. When students believe they know which term matches the definition, they should place their marker- bean/coin/paper - on top of the term on their BinGoPo card. The first person to correctly get four markers in a row on their BinGoPo card should yell out “BinGoPo!” Have the students read off their answers to verify that they are the winner.

If a student says “BinnGoPo!” and they are incorrect have them hold an “Electoral College Drop Out!” sign all day!!!! The winner gets 270 electoral votes and  _________________.

 

Round Two

For homework, students make their own BinGoPo cards and 15 terms and definitions that they believe will be on the exam. Also have them make 6 distractor terms that are not on the cards! Use our attached BinGoPo cards as a model for the students. Students trade their cards with a classmate and check to verify that the terms are important and that the definitions are correct. Students turn in their cards to the teacher/regent. The teacher then chooses the best card and definition set and copies these cards for the entire class to play another round of BinGoPo.

 

Speed Dating Variation

Print out all the terms and definitions. Cut the pages so that each term is separate from the definitions. Scramble the definitions and terms. Give each student any 3 terms and any 3 different definitions. Make sure all the terms and all the definitions are distributed to students.

Students race through the room to gather all the definitions of each of their terms.

The first person to get all their definitions is the winner and wins ____________.


You can get all the rules & Bingo Cards in a handy printable download by clicking on the button below!

You can edit my BinGoPo cards or make your own BinGoPo cards here! If you have any fun variations of this game that worked for your students, or suggestions of other terms that you'd like to see included in BinGoPo, please leave them in the comments section below. And if you have evidence of any collusion between the Trump campaign and the Russians please contact Devin Nunes at devin.nunsky@gov.ru

GoPo Pro Toolkit Digital Version

Everything you need for success in AP Government and Politics in one digital download! Our GoPo Pro Toolkit takes you through an entire year of US Government and Politics lessons and comes to you right now in a digital download with a full year of lessons, handouts, reviews, and tests! All the files are in word format and ready for you in a digital download!

The GoPo Pro Toolkit includes all the following:

  • Unit 1 - The Constitution
  • Unit 2 - Political Culture
  • Unit 3 - The Political Process
  • Unit 4 - Part 1 - Congress
  • Unit 4 - Part 2 - Presidency
  • Unit 4 - Part 3 - Judiciary
  • Unit 4 - Part 4 - Bureaucracy
  • Unit 5 - Public Policy
  • Unit 6 - Civil Rights & Liberties
  • GoPo Pro - All the tests and reviews for Teachers
  • Student GoPo Pro - Reviews & study guides for Students

Institutions of Government Review

The 2017 AP GoPo exam is on Thursday, May 4 at 8:00 am. Are you ready? What about your students? They're the ones taking it, not you!

About 40% of the AP GoPo exam will cover the institutions of government. With just a few weeks left before the exam, get the biggest bang for your buck by focusing your review on the institutions of government. If students have a good understanding of the details of the powers of the branches they will have a firm foundation for success on the exam.

While you want your review to be factual and detailed you need to keep the kids engaged (spring has sprung, after all), so try some of the following review games to get your kids ready to GoPo.

1-Play the Don’t lose your Check and Balance game

2-Play Last One Standing for each of the branches

3-Play Institutions of Government Jeopardy

4-Play Institutions of Government Password

5-Play Institutions Matching

From now until May 1, you can download all the directions and materials for free.

Before

After


GoPo Pro Student Review Guide

This guide will help you prepare for the AP US GoPo Exam. Written by an AP Government teacher and College Board consultant with over 20 years of teaching experience and over 10 years as a College Board consultant, this 63 page guide will help you become a GoPo Pro. Check out this free preview of our student review guide.

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GoPo Pro

Written by an AP Government teacher and College Board consultant with over 20 years of teaching experience and over 10 years as a College Board consultant, it will help you become a GoPo Pro.

This 125 page guide contains:
● Over 200 multiple choice questions based on years of AP exam questions.
● 11 Free Response Questions modeled on actual AP test questions.
● One full-length AP exam built to replicate an actual AP exam.

Check out this free preview of GoPo Pro!

 

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American Political Culture Collage

Teams of between one and five take the attached set of political culture images and a large piece of paper or poster board. Group the images that best represent American political culture into a collage on one side of the poster (page of platform). Group the images that least represent American political culture onto the other side of the poster (page of platform). You may add any images that you find. This may be done in person or online using a google doc or some other digital platform. Share your collages online or in class.

Images

 

Presidential Unit Fun Facts

Presidential Facts


George Washington was the first White President. He was the only president who was unanimously elected, and he refused to accept his presidential salary, which was $25,000 a year.

John Adams, who followed Washington in office, was the first President to live in the White House. Adams and his wife moved in on November 1, 1800. (The White House was under construction during Washington's administration.)

At five foot four, James Madison was the shortest President ever and the President with the lowest BMI.

Martin Van Buren, born on December 5, 1782, was the first President to be born a citizen of the United States. Previous Presidents had been born before the Revolution, and thus were born British subjects.

Six presidents were slave owners: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, and Zachary Taylor

At a White House reception on July 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson introduced the custom of having male guests shake hands. In previous administrations, men had bowed stiffly.

James Madison, who served from 1809–1817, was the first President to regularly wear long trousers instead of knee breeches.

Three presidents died on July 4th: Thomas Jefferson (1826), John Adams (1826), and James Monroe (1831). Calvin Coolidge is the only president to have been born on the Fourth (1872). John Adam’s dying words were “Thomas Jefferson still survives,” unaware that Jefferson had passed away a few hours earlier.

William Henry Harrison, the ninth President, was the first to die in office. Harrison holds the record for the longest inauguration speech in history at 8,578 words long and one hour and 40 minutes. Unfortunately, he gave the speech during bad weather and a month later, he was dead from pneumonia, making his the shortest presidency on record – 32 days.

John Tyler was the first President to marry while in office. On June 26, 1844, Tyler married Julia Gardner in New York City.

Abraham Lincoln was the first President to be born outside the borders of the thirteen original states. Lincoln was born in Hodgenville, Hardin County, Kentucky, on February 12, 1809. He was also the only U.S. president who was also a licensed bartender.

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant) smoked at least 20 cigars a day and, after a brilliant war victory, a nation of well wishers sent him more than 10,000 cigars. He later died of throat cancer.

The first President to have a pet pig was Rutherford B. Hayes. He received the pig on a state visit from the Emperor of Siam in September 1880. He later changed his pig’s name from Yoshi to Rutherford B. Pig.

President Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) is the only president to be elected to two nonconsecutive terms. He was the 22nd and 24th president.

The country's 23rd president Benjamin Harrison (who served in between Cleveland’s two terms) was in office when the White House was first wired for electricity.

In 1909, William Howard Taft, the 27th President, was the first to have an automobile at the White House. He was also the largest president at 354 pounds, and the last President who wore a mustache

The first American President to visit a foreign country was Woodrow Wilson. He sailed for France, on December 4, 1918, to negotiate the peace treaty ending World War I. Wilson would paint his golf balls black during the winter so he could continue playing in the snow.

Warren G. Harding was the first president to own a radio, the first to make speech over the radio, and the first to ride to his inauguration in a car. When women got the right to vote, he was the first president they could elect.

Herbert Hoover was also the first President to have a telephone in his office. It was installed on his desk in 1929. Before that, the White House telephone had been located in a booth outside the Executive Office.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first President elected to a third term (in 1940). He was also elected to a fourth term in 1944. Later, in 1951, the Twenty-Second Amendment to the Constitution was adopted, limiting presidential service to two terms.

Harry S Truman was a member of the KKK. The “S” in Harry S Truman doesn’t stand for anything; therefore, there is no period after his middle initial.

Dwight D. Eisenhower was the first President of all 50 states. Hawaii, the 50th state, entered the union on August 21, 1959, during the Eishenhower's second term.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the first Roman Catholic to be president, the first Boy Scout to become president, and the first president to be born in the twentieth century.

Both Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy were elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for the first time in ’46 (1846/1946), were runners-up for their party’s nomination for vice president in ’56, and were elected president in ’60. Both were assassinated on a Friday seated beside their wives and were then succeeded by southern Democrats named Johnson.

Lyndon Baines Johnson “LBJ”, a notorious playboy, had a buzzer system installed that rang inside the Oval Office so that Secret Service could warn him when his wife was coming.

Richard M. Nixon was the first President to resign (on August 9, 1974).

James Earl “Jimmy” Carter was the first president to be born in a hospital.

After President George Herbert Walker Bush vomited on the Japanese Prime Minister, a new word entered the Japanese language. Bushusuru means “to do the Bush thing,” or to publicly vomit.

No president has ever been an only child.

Barack H. Obama, the nation’s first Black President was also the first President to have a smart phone.


1.     Put a star next to the two facts that are the most interesting/surprising/excellent:

2.     Write a true fact that you know about the presidency that’s not included in this list:

3.     Why do you think no only-child has ever been president?

4.     What first time barrier do you think our next president will break? (first Snapchat?)

5.     Why do you think we had a Black president before we had a female president?

Ap GoPo Unit 4 - Part 2 - The Presidency

All the lessons you'll need for student success with AP GoPo Unit 4 - Part 2 - The Presidency! This unit contains lessons, handouts, review games, and all the ingredients for success in teaching high school students the key concepts of the executive branch. Plus - BONUS FEATURE - with purchase - All Access to interactive Presidency materials on the web. Check out this free preview of the Presidency Unit.

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